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TOP 150 SCIENCE AND TECHNology ROLES IN GOVERNMENT

The response to our recent open call for contributions helped identify 150 critical S&T roles across the Federal Government and why they matter for the Biden-Harris Administration. The Day One Project is excited to share our crowdsourced list.

Background: Top 150 S&T Roles

 

This list features key science and technology roles from across the Federal Government. Included are career and noncareer appointments, high-level leadership, and overlooked positions — all designed to ensure we capture and elevate the importance of each individual and role as the Administration seeks to implement an ambitious science and technology agenda.

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OUR TOP 150 FEDERAL S&T ROLES

 
Department of Agriculture

Department of Agriculture

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Department of Commerce

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 
 

Department of Defense

Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directly supports the FCC Chair in managing priorities and plays a major coordinating and strategic role. With the trust of the FCC Chair, the Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy development of critical S&T issues such as Section 230 reform, spectrum management, 5G rollout, and closing the homework gap.




Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The OET Chief oversees the FCC’s Policy and Rules Division, Electromagnetic Compatibility Division, and Laboratory Division and manages spectrum and leadership for competitive technologies and services. The OET Chief drives innovation within the FCC through managing the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices. The OET Chief provides the technical knowledge to guide the FCC in decisions about requirements for networks, such as net neutrality. The OET Chief also plays a significant role in convening the Technological Advisory Council for experts’ advice on technology developments.




Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The Deputy OET Chief supports the OET Chief, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. The OET Deputy Chief advises and participates in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The OET Deputy Chief influences innovation within the FCC because they manage the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices.




Chief Technology Officer


Career Appointment The CTO serves as the senior technological adviser at the FCC, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. They advise and participate in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The CTO leads and conducts engineering and technical analysis, testing equipment to determine its interference risks and technical operating parameters, while developing projects to gather theoretical and experimental data on new technologies. The CTO often coordinates with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Past CTOs have spearheaded initiatives on Open Internet, robocalls and public safety issues. The CTO needs to be a technologist with broad research experience, who can effectively promote 5G services, rural network buildouts, and other network enhancements.





 

Department of Education

Associate Deputy Secretary


Noncareer Appointment The Associate Deputy Secretary serves as an advisor on energy policy and existing & emerging energy technologies. They are responsible for adapting the U.S energy supply to shifting conditions. They manage operations and R&D for energy innovation. They can support and champion the shift to renewable energy sources in the management of U.S energy supply.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directs the Office of the Secretary, helping to oversee the agency's billion dollar budget and 100,000+ person workforce. The Chief of Staff is crucial because they aid the Secretary in development of energy policy and operationally translating policy into action.




Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and NNSA Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation
The Under Secretary and NNSA Administrator manages the operation of NNSA and advises on NNSA policy. They supports NNSA missions to maintain and enhance the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S nuclear weapons stockpile; reduce the global danger from weapons of mass destruction; provide the U.S navy with safe and effective nuclear propulsion; and respond to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the U.S and abroad. The NNSA Administrator is an important voice in shaping U.S nuclear weapons policy.




Director, Advanced Research Project Agency - Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director of ARPA-E leads the agency in advancing high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector investment. The ARPA-E Director identifies and manages strategic priorities on ARPA-E research and manages the funding of its R&D portfolio. ARPA-E’s focus is on supporting high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that would not receive private-sector support at their early stages. The Director supports all activities across ARPA-E’s portfolio, and has deep expertise in R&D, energy and portfolio management. The ARPA-E Director is a critical role for the current Administration’s focus on climate change and furthering a clean energy future.




Deputy Secretary


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Secretary acts as the principal advisor on energy policy and on a wide array of existing and emerging energy technologies. The Deputy Secretary is responsible for driving transformative energy progress and technology solutions through coordinated planning, management, and innovation. The Deputy Secretary is an important advisor within the agency on energy policy and will be able to champion the Administration's energy policy in both planning and execution.




Under Secretary for Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Under Secretary for Science advises on fundamental energy research, energy technologies, and science. They direct programs including nuclear and high energy particle physics, basic energy, advanced computing, fusion, and biological and environmental research. The Under Secretary is in charge of the environmental and legacy management missions of DOE, namely the U.S. legacy of nuclear weapons production and government-sponsored nuclear energy research. The Under Secretary acts as the head of technology commercialization activities for DOE and its 17 national laboratories. Additionally, the Under Secretary plays a role Administration's nuclear weapons policy and technology commercialization activities from DOE.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs promotes the Secretary’s, Department’s, and Administration’s policies, legislative initiatives, and budget requests with the Congress, State, territorial, Tribal, and local government officials, and other federal agencies. The Assistant Secretary serves as DOE’s liaison with Members of Congress, other levels of governments and stakeholders which includes consumer liaison, and public interest groups. They are the main point of contact for advancing the administration's energy policy with Congress. This role will be critical in helping with all confirmation processes. They will also be critical to ensure that the new Secretary forms strong connections on Capitol Hill as well as with other agencies to coordinate on key energy, climate, or defense issues.




Executive Director, Loan Programs Office


Noncareer Appointment The Executive Director manages the distribution of funding and deployment of large-scale energy infrastructure projects in the United States. The Director administer three different loan programs to develop high-impact energy-related ventures. LPO has $40 billion in loan and loan guarantee authority available to develop advanced technology vehicles manufacturing, tribal energy development projects, innovative advanced fossil energy projects, innovative advanced nuclear energy projects, and innovative renewable energy & efficient energy projects. The Director could be a major resource in steering federal funding toward updating U.S energy infrastructure.




Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESAR)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The CESER Assistant Secretary maintains unique and sector-wide situational awareness, discovers and mitigates vulnerabilities and cyber threats, and orchestrates response and recovery operations through capacity building, partnerships, research, and information sharing to safeguard against all hazards. CESER is the most sector facing office in the Department, coordinating two energy sub-sector councils—Oil and Natural Gas and —with the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency The CESER Assistant Secretary plays a critical role in safeguarding the nation's energy system against vulnerabilities and cyber threats. In light of the recent cyber attacks, the Assistant Secretary will be critical for protecting American energy infrastructure from foreign adversaries and cyber attacks.




Assistant Secretary for Electricity


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Electricity leads DOE’s efforts to ensure the nation's most critical energy infrastructure is secure and resilient against disruptions. The person in this role serves as the primary liaison between private and public sector stakeholders in support of advancing grid research and development, energy resilience, and grid operations technology. The Assistant Secretary also oversees the “Power Marketing Administrations” facilitating and supporting the use and implementation of hydropower across the United States. The Assistant Secretary plays a vital role in securing and developing a resilient energy infrastructure for the 21st century.




Director, Office of Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Office of Science Director leads DOE’s Office of Science, which is the nation’s largest supporter of basic research in physical sciences and responsible for 10 of the 17 DOE national labs. They determine key science priorities for DOE. The person in this role will work with the DOE Secretary and the administration to develop key science priorities for DOE.




Director, Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office (AITO)


Noncareer Appointment The AITO Director oversees the research, development, delivery, and application of artificial intelligence (AI). The AITO Director lead the synchronization of AI applications to advance the DOE’s core missions and expand public and private sector strategic partnerships in AI. This position is critical to the AI policy agenda since DOE’s AITO is currently poised to be the U.S government’s lead agency in the civilian use of AI.




Assistant Secretary for International Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for International Affairs supports the international agenda of the DOE Secretary. The Assistant Secretary develops relationships and initiatives to enhance global energy security through countering malign influence, diversifying supplies, and increasing energy access. The Assistant Secretary supports the increase of U.S energy exports and works with the United States Trade Representative to enhance growth through trade. The Assitant Secretary is instrumental in executing the international dimension of energy policy.




Director, Office of Technology Transitions


Noncareer Appointment The Office of Technology Transitions (OTT) serves as the central hub for technology transfer activities across the Department of Energy’s extensive R&D enterprise. The Director leads OTT in its work to expand the commercial reach of DOE research and development activities. The Director works to ensure groundbreaking scientific discoveries achieve their maximum public return and impact, advancing the economic, energy, and national security interests of the United States. OTT also implements Congressional legislation, including the dissemination of two reports to Congress—the “Technology Transitions Execution plan” and the “Report on Technology Transfer and Related Technology Partnering Activities at the National Laboratories and Other Facilities.” The Director also coordinates with DOE’s National Labs and scientific researchers on developing intellectual property and fostering strong internal and external partnerships that guide innovations from the lab toward the marketplace.




Secretary of Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary leads DOE to maintain a safe, secure, and effective nuclear deterrent, reduce threat of nuclear proliferation, oversee the U.S energy supply, carry out environmental clean-up from the Cold War nuclear mission, and manage 17 National Laboratories. The Secretary must develop strategic priorities for DOE. There needs to be a healthy working relationship between the Secretary and the White House in order to develop effective energy policy, especially relevant for an ambitious climate change agenda.




Associate Director, Basic Energy Sciences


Career Appointment The Associate Director leads funding for basic research at more than 160 research institutions to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels in order to provide the foundations for new energy technologies and support DOE’s mission. The Associate Director is responsible for planning, constructing, and operating major scientific user facilities to serve researchers from universities, national laboratories, and private institutions. The Associate Director is critical because fundamental research in basic energy sciences is necessary to advance US innovation.




Associate Director, Nuclear Physics


Career Appointment The Associate Director directs funding for over 90 percent of nuclear science research in the U.S. The Associate Director supports four scientific user facilities: the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF); the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); and currently under construction, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). The Associate Director is responsible for managing the DOE Isotope Program, which supports the production, distribution, and development of production techniques for radioactive and stable isotopes to the nation. DOE’s Office of Nuclear Physics is the top funding resource for nuclear science research in the U.S. and directs fundamental research that can inform nuclear policy.





 

Department of Energy

Associate Deputy Secretary


Noncareer Appointment The Associate Deputy Secretary serves as an advisor on energy policy and existing & emerging energy technologies. They are responsible for adapting the U.S energy supply to shifting conditions. They manage operations and R&D for energy innovation. They can support and champion the shift to renewable energy sources in the management of U.S energy supply.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directs the Office of the Secretary, helping to oversee the agency's billion dollar budget and 100,000+ person workforce. The Chief of Staff is crucial because they aid the Secretary in development of energy policy and operationally translating policy into action.




Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and NNSA Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation
The Under Secretary and NNSA Administrator manages the operation of NNSA and advises on NNSA policy. They supports NNSA missions to maintain and enhance the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S nuclear weapons stockpile; reduce the global danger from weapons of mass destruction; provide the U.S navy with safe and effective nuclear propulsion; and respond to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the U.S and abroad. The NNSA Administrator is an important voice in shaping U.S nuclear weapons policy.




Director, Advanced Research Project Agency - Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director of ARPA-E leads the agency in advancing high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector investment. The ARPA-E Director identifies and manages strategic priorities on ARPA-E research and manages the funding of its R&D portfolio. ARPA-E’s focus is on supporting high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that would not receive private-sector support at their early stages. The Director supports all activities across ARPA-E’s portfolio, and has deep expertise in R&D, energy and portfolio management. The ARPA-E Director is a critical role for the current Administration’s focus on climate change and furthering a clean energy future.




Deputy Secretary


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Secretary acts as the principal advisor on energy policy and on a wide array of existing and emerging energy technologies. The Deputy Secretary is responsible for driving transformative energy progress and technology solutions through coordinated planning, management, and innovation. The Deputy Secretary is an important advisor within the agency on energy policy and will be able to champion the Administration's energy policy in both planning and execution.




Under Secretary for Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Under Secretary for Science advises on fundamental energy research, energy technologies, and science. They direct programs including nuclear and high energy particle physics, basic energy, advanced computing, fusion, and biological and environmental research. The Under Secretary is in charge of the environmental and legacy management missions of DOE, namely the U.S. legacy of nuclear weapons production and government-sponsored nuclear energy research. The Under Secretary acts as the head of technology commercialization activities for DOE and its 17 national laboratories. Additionally, the Under Secretary plays a role Administration's nuclear weapons policy and technology commercialization activities from DOE.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs promotes the Secretary’s, Department’s, and Administration’s policies, legislative initiatives, and budget requests with the Congress, State, territorial, Tribal, and local government officials, and other federal agencies. The Assistant Secretary serves as DOE’s liaison with Members of Congress, other levels of governments and stakeholders which includes consumer liaison, and public interest groups. They are the main point of contact for advancing the administration's energy policy with Congress. This role will be critical in helping with all confirmation processes. They will also be critical to ensure that the new Secretary forms strong connections on Capitol Hill as well as with other agencies to coordinate on key energy, climate, or defense issues.




Executive Director, Loan Programs Office


Noncareer Appointment The Executive Director manages the distribution of funding and deployment of large-scale energy infrastructure projects in the United States. The Director administer three different loan programs to develop high-impact energy-related ventures. LPO has $40 billion in loan and loan guarantee authority available to develop advanced technology vehicles manufacturing, tribal energy development projects, innovative advanced fossil energy projects, innovative advanced nuclear energy projects, and innovative renewable energy & efficient energy projects. The Director could be a major resource in steering federal funding toward updating U.S energy infrastructure.




Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESAR)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The CESER Assistant Secretary maintains unique and sector-wide situational awareness, discovers and mitigates vulnerabilities and cyber threats, and orchestrates response and recovery operations through capacity building, partnerships, research, and information sharing to safeguard against all hazards. CESER is the most sector facing office in the Department, coordinating two energy sub-sector councils—Oil and Natural Gas and —with the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency The CESER Assistant Secretary plays a critical role in safeguarding the nation's energy system against vulnerabilities and cyber threats. In light of the recent cyber attacks, the Assistant Secretary will be critical for protecting American energy infrastructure from foreign adversaries and cyber attacks.




Assistant Secretary for Electricity


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Electricity leads DOE’s efforts to ensure the nation's most critical energy infrastructure is secure and resilient against disruptions. The person in this role serves as the primary liaison between private and public sector stakeholders in support of advancing grid research and development, energy resilience, and grid operations technology. The Assistant Secretary also oversees the “Power Marketing Administrations” facilitating and supporting the use and implementation of hydropower across the United States. The Assistant Secretary plays a vital role in securing and developing a resilient energy infrastructure for the 21st century.




Director, Office of Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Office of Science Director leads DOE’s Office of Science, which is the nation’s largest supporter of basic research in physical sciences and responsible for 10 of the 17 DOE national labs. They determine key science priorities for DOE. The person in this role will work with the DOE Secretary and the administration to develop key science priorities for DOE.




Director, Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office (AITO)


Noncareer Appointment The AITO Director oversees the research, development, delivery, and application of artificial intelligence (AI). The AITO Director lead the synchronization of AI applications to advance the DOE’s core missions and expand public and private sector strategic partnerships in AI. This position is critical to the AI policy agenda since DOE’s AITO is currently poised to be the U.S government’s lead agency in the civilian use of AI.




Assistant Secretary for International Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for International Affairs supports the international agenda of the DOE Secretary. The Assistant Secretary develops relationships and initiatives to enhance global energy security through countering malign influence, diversifying supplies, and increasing energy access. The Assistant Secretary supports the increase of U.S energy exports and works with the United States Trade Representative to enhance growth through trade. The Assitant Secretary is instrumental in executing the international dimension of energy policy.




Director, Office of Technology Transitions


Noncareer Appointment The Office of Technology Transitions (OTT) serves as the central hub for technology transfer activities across the Department of Energy’s extensive R&D enterprise. The Director leads OTT in its work to expand the commercial reach of DOE research and development activities. The Director works to ensure groundbreaking scientific discoveries achieve their maximum public return and impact, advancing the economic, energy, and national security interests of the United States. OTT also implements Congressional legislation, including the dissemination of two reports to Congress—the “Technology Transitions Execution plan” and the “Report on Technology Transfer and Related Technology Partnering Activities at the National Laboratories and Other Facilities.” The Director also coordinates with DOE’s National Labs and scientific researchers on developing intellectual property and fostering strong internal and external partnerships that guide innovations from the lab toward the marketplace.




Secretary of Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary leads DOE to maintain a safe, secure, and effective nuclear deterrent, reduce threat of nuclear proliferation, oversee the U.S energy supply, carry out environmental clean-up from the Cold War nuclear mission, and manage 17 National Laboratories. The Secretary must develop strategic priorities for DOE. There needs to be a healthy working relationship between the Secretary and the White House in order to develop effective energy policy, especially relevant for an ambitious climate change agenda.




Associate Director, Basic Energy Sciences


Career Appointment The Associate Director leads funding for basic research at more than 160 research institutions to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels in order to provide the foundations for new energy technologies and support DOE’s mission. The Associate Director is responsible for planning, constructing, and operating major scientific user facilities to serve researchers from universities, national laboratories, and private institutions. The Associate Director is critical because fundamental research in basic energy sciences is necessary to advance US innovation.




Associate Director, Nuclear Physics


Career Appointment The Associate Director directs funding for over 90 percent of nuclear science research in the U.S. The Associate Director supports four scientific user facilities: the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF); the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); and currently under construction, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). The Associate Director is responsible for managing the DOE Isotope Program, which supports the production, distribution, and development of production techniques for radioactive and stable isotopes to the nation. DOE’s Office of Nuclear Physics is the top funding resource for nuclear science research in the U.S. and directs fundamental research that can inform nuclear policy.





 

Department of Health and Human Services

Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directly supports the FCC Chair in managing priorities and plays a major coordinating and strategic role. With the trust of the FCC Chair, the Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy development of critical S&T issues such as Section 230 reform, spectrum management, 5G rollout, and closing the homework gap.




Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The OET Chief oversees the FCC’s Policy and Rules Division, Electromagnetic Compatibility Division, and Laboratory Division and manages spectrum and leadership for competitive technologies and services. The OET Chief drives innovation within the FCC through managing the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices. The OET Chief provides the technical knowledge to guide the FCC in decisions about requirements for networks, such as net neutrality. The OET Chief also plays a significant role in convening the Technological Advisory Council for experts’ advice on technology developments.




Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The Deputy OET Chief supports the OET Chief, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. The OET Deputy Chief advises and participates in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The OET Deputy Chief influences innovation within the FCC because they manage the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices.




Chief Technology Officer


Career Appointment The CTO serves as the senior technological adviser at the FCC, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. They advise and participate in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The CTO leads and conducts engineering and technical analysis, testing equipment to determine its interference risks and technical operating parameters, while developing projects to gather theoretical and experimental data on new technologies. The CTO often coordinates with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Past CTOs have spearheaded initiatives on Open Internet, robocalls and public safety issues. The CTO needs to be a technologist with broad research experience, who can effectively promote 5G services, rural network buildouts, and other network enhancements.





 

Department of Homeland Security

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Department of Interior

Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The NASA Administrator serves as the senior space science advisor to the President. The Administrator also leads NASA and manages its resources to advance the vision for space exploration. NASA Administrators have a long, storied history in the development of US space policy. The Administrator will need to be a strong leader in order to lead the 17,000 civil servants at NASA.




Deputy Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Administrator serves as the agency’s second-in-command and is responsible for providing overall leadership, planning, and policy direction for the agency. The Deputy Administrator performs duties and exercises powers delegated by the Administrator. Additionally, the Deputy acts in the Administrator’s absence to govern NASA operations.




Chief of Staff


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Chief of Staff is the advisor to the Administrator and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s space policy agenda. The Chief of Staff is the primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Congress, and other agencies.




Chief Scientist


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is the most senior science position at NASA, serving as the principal scientific advisor to the NASA Administrator on science agency science programs, strategic planning, science policy, and the evaluation of related investments. They represent NASA's strategic science objectives and contributions to the national and international science communities. Lastly, they ensure that NASA research programs are scientifically and technologically aligned with policy decisions.




Associate Administrator for Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator guides the strategic direction of NASA’s aeronautical research for applications to commercial, military, and general aviation sectors. The research portfolio includes quiet supersonic flight over land, urban air mobility, and autonomy, among other endeavors.




Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency’s effort on operations related to human exploration in and beyond low-Earth orbit. The Associate Administrator is primarily tasked with the management of Commercial Space Transportation, Human Space Flight Capabilities, and other items. The Associate Administrator oversees low-level requirements, development, policy, and programmatic oversight, including engagement at the International Space Station.




Associate Administrator for Science Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency effort to seek new knowledge and understanding of Earth, the Sun and solar system, and the universe. The Directorate engages external and internal science communities to define and prioritize science questions and seeks to expand the frontiers of five broad scientific pursuits: Earth Science, Planetary Science, Biological and Physical Sciences, Heliophysics, and Astrophysics.




Associate Administrator for Space Technology Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator provides executive leadership and management of the technology programs with a value of $1.1 billion. They oversee the Agency effort to develop transformative space technologies for future missions, including testing capabilities for the Moon and Mars. The Associate Administrator manages engagement with entrepreneurs, researchers, and innovators.




Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement oversees strategic direction and leadership of NASA’s science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) engagement function, which attracts and supports the involvement of students in the realization of NASA’s unique missions. The Associate Administrator leads work on engaging America’s educators, students and institutions in NASA’s missions, contributing to mission success, as well as the nation’s overall STEM education ecosystem.





 

Department of Justice

Secretary of Labor


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary of Labor oversees the enforcement and administration of more than 180 federal employment laws (OSHA, Mine Safety and Health Administration, WIOA) covering 150 million workers and 10 million workplaces. The Secretary serves as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and serves on the Board of Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Fund. The Secretary guides the Labor Department in executing White House initiatives in federal programming for workforce development and international trade agreements, among other labor issues. The Secretary will be a key player in coordinating COVID-19 response on rebuilding S&T workforce, expanding S&T employment opportunities for domestic workforce, introducing new federal programming on labor issues, and implementing international trade agreements.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff plans, directs, and coordinates operational activities and high-level labor strategy to aid the Secretary of Labor. The Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy guidance for DOL on S&T issues.




White House Liaison and Counselor to the Secretary


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The White House Liaison builds the relationship between the DOL and White House and develops and directs human resource functions and operations for appointees within DOL. The Liaison serves as a critical bridge between White House and DOL in developing an S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Policy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Policy advises the Secretary of Labor, Deputy Secretary of Labor, and Department leadership on policy development, program evaluation, regulations, program implementation, data governance, compliance strategies, research, and legislation. The Assistant Secretary will guide DOL strategy on labor policy, including new initiatives on S&T workforce development and innovation policy.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs liaises with federal, state, and local policymakers to promote DOL’s programs and federal labor issues. They assist DOL agency staff in developing effective programs and strategies to meet Department legislative goals and objectives. The Assistant Secretary coordinates federal labor S&T issues with stakeholders from all three legislative levels of government federal, state, and local and serves as a key contact in developing S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training administers core programming under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), such as federal job training and worker dislocation programs, federal grants to states for public employment service programs, and unemployment insurance benefits. The Assistant Secretary serves as a key resource in upskilling the U.S domestic workforce for technical jobs.




Commissioner of Labor Statistics


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Commissioner of Labor Statistics disseminates U.S labor statistics to American public, U.S Congress, federal agencies, state and local governments, businesses, and labor representatives. The Commissioner coordinates with OMB on major data releases. The Commissioner plays a principal fact-finding role on U.S labor statistics, which can inform the administration's innovation policies.




Administrator, Office of Workforce Investment


Career Appointment The Administrator for the Office of Workforce Investment oversees and guides policy on workforce investment systems authorized under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). The Administrator collaborates with other federal agencies, partners, and stakeholders to build a prepared and competitive workforce. The Administrator manages investments strategically to ensure high performance, greater public accountability, and service quality. The Administrator is a critical partner in developing a robust, high-skilled workforce, particularly in STEM fields.





 

Department of Labor

Secretary of Labor


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary of Labor oversees the enforcement and administration of more than 180 federal employment laws (OSHA, Mine Safety and Health Administration, WIOA) covering 150 million workers and 10 million workplaces. The Secretary serves as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and serves on the Board of Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Fund. The Secretary guides the Labor Department in executing White House initiatives in federal programming for workforce development and international trade agreements, among other labor issues. The Secretary will be a key player in coordinating COVID-19 response on rebuilding S&T workforce, expanding S&T employment opportunities for domestic workforce, introducing new federal programming on labor issues, and implementing international trade agreements.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff plans, directs, and coordinates operational activities and high-level labor strategy to aid the Secretary of Labor. The Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy guidance for DOL on S&T issues.




White House Liaison and Counselor to the Secretary


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The White House Liaison builds the relationship between the DOL and White House and develops and directs human resource functions and operations for appointees within DOL. The Liaison serves as a critical bridge between White House and DOL in developing an S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Policy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Policy advises the Secretary of Labor, Deputy Secretary of Labor, and Department leadership on policy development, program evaluation, regulations, program implementation, data governance, compliance strategies, research, and legislation. The Assistant Secretary will guide DOL strategy on labor policy, including new initiatives on S&T workforce development and innovation policy.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs liaises with federal, state, and local policymakers to promote DOL’s programs and federal labor issues. They assist DOL agency staff in developing effective programs and strategies to meet Department legislative goals and objectives. The Assistant Secretary coordinates federal labor S&T issues with stakeholders from all three legislative levels of government federal, state, and local and serves as a key contact in developing S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training administers core programming under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), such as federal job training and worker dislocation programs, federal grants to states for public employment service programs, and unemployment insurance benefits. The Assistant Secretary serves as a key resource in upskilling the U.S domestic workforce for technical jobs.




Commissioner of Labor Statistics


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Commissioner of Labor Statistics disseminates U.S labor statistics to American public, U.S Congress, federal agencies, state and local governments, businesses, and labor representatives. The Commissioner coordinates with OMB on major data releases. The Commissioner plays a principal fact-finding role on U.S labor statistics, which can inform the administration's innovation policies.




Administrator, Office of Workforce Investment


Career Appointment The Administrator for the Office of Workforce Investment oversees and guides policy on workforce investment systems authorized under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). The Administrator collaborates with other federal agencies, partners, and stakeholders to build a prepared and competitive workforce. The Administrator manages investments strategically to ensure high performance, greater public accountability, and service quality. The Administrator is a critical partner in developing a robust, high-skilled workforce, particularly in STEM fields.





 

Department of State

Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directly supports the FCC Chair in managing priorities and plays a major coordinating and strategic role. With the trust of the FCC Chair, the Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy development of critical S&T issues such as Section 230 reform, spectrum management, 5G rollout, and closing the homework gap.




Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The OET Chief oversees the FCC’s Policy and Rules Division, Electromagnetic Compatibility Division, and Laboratory Division and manages spectrum and leadership for competitive technologies and services. The OET Chief drives innovation within the FCC through managing the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices. The OET Chief provides the technical knowledge to guide the FCC in decisions about requirements for networks, such as net neutrality. The OET Chief also plays a significant role in convening the Technological Advisory Council for experts’ advice on technology developments.




Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The Deputy OET Chief supports the OET Chief, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. The OET Deputy Chief advises and participates in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The OET Deputy Chief influences innovation within the FCC because they manage the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices.




Chief Technology Officer


Career Appointment The CTO serves as the senior technological adviser at the FCC, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. They advise and participate in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The CTO leads and conducts engineering and technical analysis, testing equipment to determine its interference risks and technical operating parameters, while developing projects to gather theoretical and experimental data on new technologies. The CTO often coordinates with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Past CTOs have spearheaded initiatives on Open Internet, robocalls and public safety issues. The CTO needs to be a technologist with broad research experience, who can effectively promote 5G services, rural network buildouts, and other network enhancements.





 

Department of Transportation

Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directly supports the FCC Chair in managing priorities and plays a major coordinating and strategic role. With the trust of the FCC Chair, the Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy development of critical S&T issues such as Section 230 reform, spectrum management, 5G rollout, and closing the homework gap.




Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The OET Chief oversees the FCC’s Policy and Rules Division, Electromagnetic Compatibility Division, and Laboratory Division and manages spectrum and leadership for competitive technologies and services. The OET Chief drives innovation within the FCC through managing the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices. The OET Chief provides the technical knowledge to guide the FCC in decisions about requirements for networks, such as net neutrality. The OET Chief also plays a significant role in convening the Technological Advisory Council for experts’ advice on technology developments.




Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The Deputy OET Chief supports the OET Chief, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. The OET Deputy Chief advises and participates in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The OET Deputy Chief influences innovation within the FCC because they manage the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices.




Chief Technology Officer


Career Appointment The CTO serves as the senior technological adviser at the FCC, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. They advise and participate in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The CTO leads and conducts engineering and technical analysis, testing equipment to determine its interference risks and technical operating parameters, while developing projects to gather theoretical and experimental data on new technologies. The CTO often coordinates with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Past CTOs have spearheaded initiatives on Open Internet, robocalls and public safety issues. The CTO needs to be a technologist with broad research experience, who can effectively promote 5G services, rural network buildouts, and other network enhancements.





 

Environmental Protection Agency

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Federal Communications Commission

Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directly supports the FCC Chair in managing priorities and plays a major coordinating and strategic role. With the trust of the FCC Chair, the Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy development of critical S&T issues such as Section 230 reform, spectrum management, 5G rollout, and closing the homework gap.




Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The OET Chief oversees the FCC’s Policy and Rules Division, Electromagnetic Compatibility Division, and Laboratory Division and manages spectrum and leadership for competitive technologies and services. The OET Chief drives innovation within the FCC through managing the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices. The OET Chief provides the technical knowledge to guide the FCC in decisions about requirements for networks, such as net neutrality. The OET Chief also plays a significant role in convening the Technological Advisory Council for experts’ advice on technology developments.




Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The Deputy OET Chief supports the OET Chief, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. The OET Deputy Chief advises and participates in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The OET Deputy Chief influences innovation within the FCC because they manage the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices.




Chief Technology Officer


Career Appointment The CTO serves as the senior technological adviser at the FCC, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. They advise and participate in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The CTO leads and conducts engineering and technical analysis, testing equipment to determine its interference risks and technical operating parameters, while developing projects to gather theoretical and experimental data on new technologies. The CTO often coordinates with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Past CTOs have spearheaded initiatives on Open Internet, robocalls and public safety issues. The CTO needs to be a technologist with broad research experience, who can effectively promote 5G services, rural network buildouts, and other network enhancements.





 

Federal Trade Commission

Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directly supports the FCC Chair in managing priorities and plays a major coordinating and strategic role. With the trust of the FCC Chair, the Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy development of critical S&T issues such as Section 230 reform, spectrum management, 5G rollout, and closing the homework gap.




Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The OET Chief oversees the FCC’s Policy and Rules Division, Electromagnetic Compatibility Division, and Laboratory Division and manages spectrum and leadership for competitive technologies and services. The OET Chief drives innovation within the FCC through managing the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices. The OET Chief provides the technical knowledge to guide the FCC in decisions about requirements for networks, such as net neutrality. The OET Chief also plays a significant role in convening the Technological Advisory Council for experts’ advice on technology developments.




Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The Deputy OET Chief supports the OET Chief, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. The OET Deputy Chief advises and participates in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The OET Deputy Chief influences innovation within the FCC because they manage the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices.




Chief Technology Officer


Career Appointment The CTO serves as the senior technological adviser at the FCC, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. They advise and participate in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The CTO leads and conducts engineering and technical analysis, testing equipment to determine its interference risks and technical operating parameters, while developing projects to gather theoretical and experimental data on new technologies. The CTO often coordinates with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Past CTOs have spearheaded initiatives on Open Internet, robocalls and public safety issues. The CTO needs to be a technologist with broad research experience, who can effectively promote 5G services, rural network buildouts, and other network enhancements.





 

National Aeronautics and Aerospace Administration

Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The NASA Administrator serves as the senior space science advisor to the President. The Administrator also leads NASA and manages its resources to advance the vision for space exploration. NASA Administrators have a long, storied history in the development of US space policy. The Administrator will need to be a strong leader in order to lead the 17,000 civil servants at NASA.




Deputy Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Administrator serves as the agency’s second-in-command and is responsible for providing overall leadership, planning, and policy direction for the agency. The Deputy Administrator performs duties and exercises powers delegated by the Administrator. Additionally, the Deputy acts in the Administrator’s absence to govern NASA operations.




Chief of Staff


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Chief of Staff is the advisor to the Administrator and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s space policy agenda. The Chief of Staff is the primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Congress, and other agencies.




Chief Scientist


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is the most senior science position at NASA, serving as the principal scientific advisor to the NASA Administrator on science agency science programs, strategic planning, science policy, and the evaluation of related investments. They represent NASA's strategic science objectives and contributions to the national and international science communities. Lastly, they ensure that NASA research programs are scientifically and technologically aligned with policy decisions.




Associate Administrator for Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator guides the strategic direction of NASA’s aeronautical research for applications to commercial, military, and general aviation sectors. The research portfolio includes quiet supersonic flight over land, urban air mobility, and autonomy, among other endeavors.




Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency’s effort on operations related to human exploration in and beyond low-Earth orbit. The Associate Administrator is primarily tasked with the management of Commercial Space Transportation, Human Space Flight Capabilities, and other items. The Associate Administrator oversees low-level requirements, development, policy, and programmatic oversight, including engagement at the International Space Station.




Associate Administrator for Science Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency effort to seek new knowledge and understanding of Earth, the Sun and solar system, and the universe. The Directorate engages external and internal science communities to define and prioritize science questions and seeks to expand the frontiers of five broad scientific pursuits: Earth Science, Planetary Science, Biological and Physical Sciences, Heliophysics, and Astrophysics.




Associate Administrator for Space Technology Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator provides executive leadership and management of the technology programs with a value of $1.1 billion. They oversee the Agency effort to develop transformative space technologies for future missions, including testing capabilities for the Moon and Mars. The Associate Administrator manages engagement with entrepreneurs, researchers, and innovators.




Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement oversees strategic direction and leadership of NASA’s science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) engagement function, which attracts and supports the involvement of students in the realization of NASA’s unique missions. The Associate Administrator leads work on engaging America’s educators, students and institutions in NASA’s missions, contributing to mission success, as well as the nation’s overall STEM education ecosystem.





 

National Science Foundation

Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The NASA Administrator serves as the senior space science advisor to the President. The Administrator also leads NASA and manages its resources to advance the vision for space exploration. NASA Administrators have a long, storied history in the development of US space policy. The Administrator will need to be a strong leader in order to lead the 17,000 civil servants at NASA.




Deputy Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Administrator serves as the agency’s second-in-command and is responsible for providing overall leadership, planning, and policy direction for the agency. The Deputy Administrator performs duties and exercises powers delegated by the Administrator. Additionally, the Deputy acts in the Administrator’s absence to govern NASA operations.




Chief of Staff


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Chief of Staff is the advisor to the Administrator and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s space policy agenda. The Chief of Staff is the primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Congress, and other agencies.




Chief Scientist


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is the most senior science position at NASA, serving as the principal scientific advisor to the NASA Administrator on science agency science programs, strategic planning, science policy, and the evaluation of related investments. They represent NASA's strategic science objectives and contributions to the national and international science communities. Lastly, they ensure that NASA research programs are scientifically and technologically aligned with policy decisions.




Associate Administrator for Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator guides the strategic direction of NASA’s aeronautical research for applications to commercial, military, and general aviation sectors. The research portfolio includes quiet supersonic flight over land, urban air mobility, and autonomy, among other endeavors.




Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency’s effort on operations related to human exploration in and beyond low-Earth orbit. The Associate Administrator is primarily tasked with the management of Commercial Space Transportation, Human Space Flight Capabilities, and other items. The Associate Administrator oversees low-level requirements, development, policy, and programmatic oversight, including engagement at the International Space Station.




Associate Administrator for Science Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency effort to seek new knowledge and understanding of Earth, the Sun and solar system, and the universe. The Directorate engages external and internal science communities to define and prioritize science questions and seeks to expand the frontiers of five broad scientific pursuits: Earth Science, Planetary Science, Biological and Physical Sciences, Heliophysics, and Astrophysics.




Associate Administrator for Space Technology Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator provides executive leadership and management of the technology programs with a value of $1.1 billion. They oversee the Agency effort to develop transformative space technologies for future missions, including testing capabilities for the Moon and Mars. The Associate Administrator manages engagement with entrepreneurs, researchers, and innovators.




Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement oversees strategic direction and leadership of NASA’s science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) engagement function, which attracts and supports the involvement of students in the realization of NASA’s unique missions. The Associate Administrator leads work on engaging America’s educators, students and institutions in NASA’s missions, contributing to mission success, as well as the nation’s overall STEM education ecosystem.





Office of Management and Budget

Associate Deputy Secretary


Noncareer Appointment The Associate Deputy Secretary serves as an advisor on energy policy and existing & emerging energy technologies. They are responsible for adapting the U.S energy supply to shifting conditions. They manage operations and R&D for energy innovation. They can support and champion the shift to renewable energy sources in the management of U.S energy supply.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directs the Office of the Secretary, helping to oversee the agency's billion dollar budget and 100,000+ person workforce. The Chief of Staff is crucial because they aid the Secretary in development of energy policy and operationally translating policy into action.




Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and NNSA Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation
The Under Secretary and NNSA Administrator manages the operation of NNSA and advises on NNSA policy. They supports NNSA missions to maintain and enhance the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S nuclear weapons stockpile; reduce the global danger from weapons of mass destruction; provide the U.S navy with safe and effective nuclear propulsion; and respond to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the U.S and abroad. The NNSA Administrator is an important voice in shaping U.S nuclear weapons policy.




Director, Advanced Research Project Agency - Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director of ARPA-E leads the agency in advancing high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector investment. The ARPA-E Director identifies and manages strategic priorities on ARPA-E research and manages the funding of its R&D portfolio. ARPA-E’s focus is on supporting high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that would not receive private-sector support at their early stages. The Director supports all activities across ARPA-E’s portfolio, and has deep expertise in R&D, energy and portfolio management. The ARPA-E Director is a critical role for the current Administration’s focus on climate change and furthering a clean energy future.




Deputy Secretary


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Secretary acts as the principal advisor on energy policy and on a wide array of existing and emerging energy technologies. The Deputy Secretary is responsible for driving transformative energy progress and technology solutions through coordinated planning, management, and innovation. The Deputy Secretary is an important advisor within the agency on energy policy and will be able to champion the Administration's energy policy in both planning and execution.




Under Secretary for Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Under Secretary for Science advises on fundamental energy research, energy technologies, and science. They direct programs including nuclear and high energy particle physics, basic energy, advanced computing, fusion, and biological and environmental research. The Under Secretary is in charge of the environmental and legacy management missions of DOE, namely the U.S. legacy of nuclear weapons production and government-sponsored nuclear energy research. The Under Secretary acts as the head of technology commercialization activities for DOE and its 17 national laboratories. Additionally, the Under Secretary plays a role Administration's nuclear weapons policy and technology commercialization activities from DOE.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs promotes the Secretary’s, Department’s, and Administration’s policies, legislative initiatives, and budget requests with the Congress, State, territorial, Tribal, and local government officials, and other federal agencies. The Assistant Secretary serves as DOE’s liaison with Members of Congress, other levels of governments and stakeholders which includes consumer liaison, and public interest groups. They are the main point of contact for advancing the administration's energy policy with Congress. This role will be critical in helping with all confirmation processes. They will also be critical to ensure that the new Secretary forms strong connections on Capitol Hill as well as with other agencies to coordinate on key energy, climate, or defense issues.




Executive Director, Loan Programs Office


Noncareer Appointment The Executive Director manages the distribution of funding and deployment of large-scale energy infrastructure projects in the United States. The Director administer three different loan programs to develop high-impact energy-related ventures. LPO has $40 billion in loan and loan guarantee authority available to develop advanced technology vehicles manufacturing, tribal energy development projects, innovative advanced fossil energy projects, innovative advanced nuclear energy projects, and innovative renewable energy & efficient energy projects. The Director could be a major resource in steering federal funding toward updating U.S energy infrastructure.




Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESAR)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The CESER Assistant Secretary maintains unique and sector-wide situational awareness, discovers and mitigates vulnerabilities and cyber threats, and orchestrates response and recovery operations through capacity building, partnerships, research, and information sharing to safeguard against all hazards. CESER is the most sector facing office in the Department, coordinating two energy sub-sector councils—Oil and Natural Gas and —with the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency The CESER Assistant Secretary plays a critical role in safeguarding the nation's energy system against vulnerabilities and cyber threats. In light of the recent cyber attacks, the Assistant Secretary will be critical for protecting American energy infrastructure from foreign adversaries and cyber attacks.




Assistant Secretary for Electricity


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Electricity leads DOE’s efforts to ensure the nation's most critical energy infrastructure is secure and resilient against disruptions. The person in this role serves as the primary liaison between private and public sector stakeholders in support of advancing grid research and development, energy resilience, and grid operations technology. The Assistant Secretary also oversees the “Power Marketing Administrations” facilitating and supporting the use and implementation of hydropower across the United States. The Assistant Secretary plays a vital role in securing and developing a resilient energy infrastructure for the 21st century.




Director, Office of Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Office of Science Director leads DOE’s Office of Science, which is the nation’s largest supporter of basic research in physical sciences and responsible for 10 of the 17 DOE national labs. They determine key science priorities for DOE. The person in this role will work with the DOE Secretary and the administration to develop key science priorities for DOE.




Director, Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office (AITO)


Noncareer Appointment The AITO Director oversees the research, development, delivery, and application of artificial intelligence (AI). The AITO Director lead the synchronization of AI applications to advance the DOE’s core missions and expand public and private sector strategic partnerships in AI. This position is critical to the AI policy agenda since DOE’s AITO is currently poised to be the U.S government’s lead agency in the civilian use of AI.




Assistant Secretary for International Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for International Affairs supports the international agenda of the DOE Secretary. The Assistant Secretary develops relationships and initiatives to enhance global energy security through countering malign influence, diversifying supplies, and increasing energy access. The Assistant Secretary supports the increase of U.S energy exports and works with the United States Trade Representative to enhance growth through trade. The Assitant Secretary is instrumental in executing the international dimension of energy policy.




Director, Office of Technology Transitions


Noncareer Appointment The Office of Technology Transitions (OTT) serves as the central hub for technology transfer activities across the Department of Energy’s extensive R&D enterprise. The Director leads OTT in its work to expand the commercial reach of DOE research and development activities. The Director works to ensure groundbreaking scientific discoveries achieve their maximum public return and impact, advancing the economic, energy, and national security interests of the United States. OTT also implements Congressional legislation, including the dissemination of two reports to Congress—the “Technology Transitions Execution plan” and the “Report on Technology Transfer and Related Technology Partnering Activities at the National Laboratories and Other Facilities.” The Director also coordinates with DOE’s National Labs and scientific researchers on developing intellectual property and fostering strong internal and external partnerships that guide innovations from the lab toward the marketplace.




Secretary of Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary leads DOE to maintain a safe, secure, and effective nuclear deterrent, reduce threat of nuclear proliferation, oversee the U.S energy supply, carry out environmental clean-up from the Cold War nuclear mission, and manage 17 National Laboratories. The Secretary must develop strategic priorities for DOE. There needs to be a healthy working relationship between the Secretary and the White House in order to develop effective energy policy, especially relevant for an ambitious climate change agenda.




Associate Director, Basic Energy Sciences


Career Appointment The Associate Director leads funding for basic research at more than 160 research institutions to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels in order to provide the foundations for new energy technologies and support DOE’s mission. The Associate Director is responsible for planning, constructing, and operating major scientific user facilities to serve researchers from universities, national laboratories, and private institutions. The Associate Director is critical because fundamental research in basic energy sciences is necessary to advance US innovation.




Associate Director, Nuclear Physics


Career Appointment The Associate Director directs funding for over 90 percent of nuclear science research in the U.S. The Associate Director supports four scientific user facilities: the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF); the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); and currently under construction, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). The Associate Director is responsible for managing the DOE Isotope Program, which supports the production, distribution, and development of production techniques for radioactive and stable isotopes to the nation. DOE’s Office of Nuclear Physics is the top funding resource for nuclear science research in the U.S. and directs fundamental research that can inform nuclear policy.





 

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.