TOP 150 SCIENCE AND TECHNology ROLES IN GOVERNMENT

The response to our recent open call for contributions helped identify 150 critical S&T roles across the Federal Government and why they matter for the Biden-Harris Administration. The Day One Project is excited to share our crowdsourced list.

Background: Top 150 S&T Roles

 

This list features key science and technology roles from across the Federal Government. Included are career and noncareer appointments, high-level leadership, and overlooked positions—all designed to ensure we capture and elevate the importance of each individual and role as the Administration seeks to implement an ambitious science and technology agenda.

OUR TOP 150 FEDERAL S&T ROLES

 
Department of Agriculture

Department of Agriculture

Director, Office of Education Technology


Noncareer Appointment By statute, the Director reports directly to the Secretary, and is authorized to develop and implement the national vision and strategy for educational technology policy both within the Department and across government. This includes promoting awareness of the potential of technology for improving teaching and learning, supporting state and local efforts to increase the effective, research-based use of technology, promoting the effective uses of technology in existing federal education programs, and coordinating educational technology activities among the public and private sectors. The Director develops national educational technology policy and establishes the vision for how technology can be used to transform teaching and learning to make everywhere, all-the-time learning possible for K-12, higher education, and adult education programs. The Director works in collaboration with other ED offices, the White House, and other federal agencies on issues related to the effective use of technology to support teaching and learning. OET is also the primary Department of Education office for outreach to the education technology developer community. With virtually all learning in both public K-12 schools and higher education institutions either fully online or partially online, there is a critical need for a strategic vision of the policies, strategies, capacities, and resources necessary for effective online and hybrid teaching and learning. This role is critical to a successful pandemic response by supporting the effective, efficient use of federal funds at both the state and local levels as well as providing guidance on the equitable, effective use of technology for learning to begin to address the disproportionate learning lost though the pandemic among marginalized youth and our most vulnerable populations. The Director will need to coordinate closely with the senior leadership at ED, WH OSTP, DPC, NEC, HHS, CDC, and others to ensure that the government is properly prioritizing and supporting evidence-based practices to accelerate our recovery and minimize ongoing learning losses, and to ensure that all students are being reached and served.




Deputy Director, Office of Education Technology


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Deputy Director of OET provides direct support to the mission of the office, and often takes on an additional specialty role based on their background and the priority needs of ED that may include expertise, for example, in higher education or in the more technical side of learning technology (privacy, interoperability, OER, etc), as opposed to the policy side. This position also often serves as an internal consultant to ED offices providing them guidance on the best use of technology for their priorities, impacting the deployment and use of billions of dollars in federal spending. The administration may choose to appoint someone to this role with particular expertise to move forward national policy initiatives. For example, if extending broadband for learning at home is a priority for the administration, this person could be an expert in E-rate and state and school connectivity issues. If helping higher education adapt to fully online or hybrid learning was a priority, this position could be someone with higher ed leadership and learning technology expertise.




Deputy Assistant Secretary for  Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development


Noncareer Appointment The Deputy Assistant Secretary works with Congress, the White House, OMB, Program Offices and Office of the Secretary to structure agency priorities, policy agenda, and influences budget priorities. Historically, the Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development holds the most influence and sets the policy agenda within the Department of Education.




Director, Institute of Education Sciences


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director leads the statistics, research, and evaluation portfolio of the Department of Education. The Director oversees a variety of data gathering exercises including surveys and research projects to understand areas and ways to improve student learning. The Director also receives insight directly from members of the National Board of Education Sciences, who are also appointed by the President.




Commissioner of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)


Presidential Appointment The Commissioner sets policy and standards for the operation of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) -- the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education. The Commissioner oversees the collection, analysis, and reporting of complete statistics on the condition of American education. In addition, the Commissioner oversees the data gathering and dissemination of reports representing and dissecting educational activities domestically and internationally.




Chief Data Officer (CDO)


Career Appointment The Chief Data Officer (CDO) leads the Department of Education’s Office of the Chief Data Officer, which is responsible for data governance, open data initiatives, and data analytics to improve the agency’s ability to leverage data as a strategic asset. The CDO chairs ED’s Data Governance Board, gathering input from across ED to inform policy and process decisions about the development and use of the ED’s data assets. The CDO serves as ED’s liaison to other agencies and OMB on the best way to use existing agency data for statistical purposes. The CDO coordinates with the ED’s Chief Information Officer to improve infrastructure and reduce barriers that inhibit the accessibility of data, and on implementing and enforcing applicable policies and procedures with respect to records management. The CDO engages agency employees, the public, and contractors in using public data assets, and encourages collaborative approaches on improving data use.





 

Department of Commerce

Director, Office of Education Technology


Noncareer Appointment By statute, the Director reports directly to the Secretary, and is authorized to develop and implement the national vision and strategy for educational technology policy both within the Department and across government. This includes promoting awareness of the potential of technology for improving teaching and learning, supporting state and local efforts to increase the effective, research-based use of technology, promoting the effective uses of technology in existing federal education programs, and coordinating educational technology activities among the public and private sectors. The Director develops national educational technology policy and establishes the vision for how technology can be used to transform teaching and learning to make everywhere, all-the-time learning possible for K-12, higher education, and adult education programs. The Director works in collaboration with other ED offices, the White House, and other federal agencies on issues related to the effective use of technology to support teaching and learning. OET is also the primary Department of Education office for outreach to the education technology developer community. With virtually all learning in both public K-12 schools and higher education institutions either fully online or partially online, there is a critical need for a strategic vision of the policies, strategies, capacities, and resources necessary for effective online and hybrid teaching and learning. This role is critical to a successful pandemic response by supporting the effective, efficient use of federal funds at both the state and local levels as well as providing guidance on the equitable, effective use of technology for learning to begin to address the disproportionate learning lost though the pandemic among marginalized youth and our most vulnerable populations. The Director will need to coordinate closely with the senior leadership at ED, WH OSTP, DPC, NEC, HHS, CDC, and others to ensure that the government is properly prioritizing and supporting evidence-based practices to accelerate our recovery and minimize ongoing learning losses, and to ensure that all students are being reached and served.




Deputy Director, Office of Education Technology


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Deputy Director of OET provides direct support to the mission of the office, and often takes on an additional specialty role based on their background and the priority needs of ED that may include expertise, for example, in higher education or in the more technical side of learning technology (privacy, interoperability, OER, etc), as opposed to the policy side. This position also often serves as an internal consultant to ED offices providing them guidance on the best use of technology for their priorities, impacting the deployment and use of billions of dollars in federal spending. The administration may choose to appoint someone to this role with particular expertise to move forward national policy initiatives. For example, if extending broadband for learning at home is a priority for the administration, this person could be an expert in E-rate and state and school connectivity issues. If helping higher education adapt to fully online or hybrid learning was a priority, this position could be someone with higher ed leadership and learning technology expertise.




Deputy Assistant Secretary for  Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development


Noncareer Appointment The Deputy Assistant Secretary works with Congress, the White House, OMB, Program Offices and Office of the Secretary to structure agency priorities, policy agenda, and influences budget priorities. Historically, the Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development holds the most influence and sets the policy agenda within the Department of Education.




Director, Institute of Education Sciences


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director leads the statistics, research, and evaluation portfolio of the Department of Education. The Director oversees a variety of data gathering exercises including surveys and research projects to understand areas and ways to improve student learning. The Director also receives insight directly from members of the National Board of Education Sciences, who are also appointed by the President.




Commissioner of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)


Presidential Appointment The Commissioner sets policy and standards for the operation of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) -- the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education. The Commissioner oversees the collection, analysis, and reporting of complete statistics on the condition of American education. In addition, the Commissioner oversees the data gathering and dissemination of reports representing and dissecting educational activities domestically and internationally.




Chief Data Officer (CDO)


Career Appointment The Chief Data Officer (CDO) leads the Department of Education’s Office of the Chief Data Officer, which is responsible for data governance, open data initiatives, and data analytics to improve the agency’s ability to leverage data as a strategic asset. The CDO chairs ED’s Data Governance Board, gathering input from across ED to inform policy and process decisions about the development and use of the ED’s data assets. The CDO serves as ED’s liaison to other agencies and OMB on the best way to use existing agency data for statistical purposes. The CDO coordinates with the ED’s Chief Information Officer to improve infrastructure and reduce barriers that inhibit the accessibility of data, and on implementing and enforcing applicable policies and procedures with respect to records management. The CDO engages agency employees, the public, and contractors in using public data assets, and encourages collaborative approaches on improving data use.





 
 

Department of Defense

Director, Office of Education Technology


Noncareer Appointment By statute, the Director reports directly to the Secretary, and is authorized to develop and implement the national vision and strategy for educational technology policy both within the Department and across government. This includes promoting awareness of the potential of technology for improving teaching and learning, supporting state and local efforts to increase the effective, research-based use of technology, promoting the effective uses of technology in existing federal education programs, and coordinating educational technology activities among the public and private sectors. The Director develops national educational technology policy and establishes the vision for how technology can be used to transform teaching and learning to make everywhere, all-the-time learning possible for K-12, higher education, and adult education programs. The Director works in collaboration with other ED offices, the White House, and other federal agencies on issues related to the effective use of technology to support teaching and learning. OET is also the primary Department of Education office for outreach to the education technology developer community. With virtually all learning in both public K-12 schools and higher education institutions either fully online or partially online, there is a critical need for a strategic vision of the policies, strategies, capacities, and resources necessary for effective online and hybrid teaching and learning. This role is critical to a successful pandemic response by supporting the effective, efficient use of federal funds at both the state and local levels as well as providing guidance on the equitable, effective use of technology for learning to begin to address the disproportionate learning lost though the pandemic among marginalized youth and our most vulnerable populations. The Director will need to coordinate closely with the senior leadership at ED, WH OSTP, DPC, NEC, HHS, CDC, and others to ensure that the government is properly prioritizing and supporting evidence-based practices to accelerate our recovery and minimize ongoing learning losses, and to ensure that all students are being reached and served.




Deputy Director, Office of Education Technology


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Deputy Director of OET provides direct support to the mission of the office, and often takes on an additional specialty role based on their background and the priority needs of ED that may include expertise, for example, in higher education or in the more technical side of learning technology (privacy, interoperability, OER, etc), as opposed to the policy side. This position also often serves as an internal consultant to ED offices providing them guidance on the best use of technology for their priorities, impacting the deployment and use of billions of dollars in federal spending. The administration may choose to appoint someone to this role with particular expertise to move forward national policy initiatives. For example, if extending broadband for learning at home is a priority for the administration, this person could be an expert in E-rate and state and school connectivity issues. If helping higher education adapt to fully online or hybrid learning was a priority, this position could be someone with higher ed leadership and learning technology expertise.




Deputy Assistant Secretary for  Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development


Noncareer Appointment The Deputy Assistant Secretary works with Congress, the White House, OMB, Program Offices and Office of the Secretary to structure agency priorities, policy agenda, and influences budget priorities. Historically, the Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development holds the most influence and sets the policy agenda within the Department of Education.




Director, Institute of Education Sciences


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director leads the statistics, research, and evaluation portfolio of the Department of Education. The Director oversees a variety of data gathering exercises including surveys and research projects to understand areas and ways to improve student learning. The Director also receives insight directly from members of the National Board of Education Sciences, who are also appointed by the President.




Commissioner of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)


Presidential Appointment The Commissioner sets policy and standards for the operation of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) -- the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education. The Commissioner oversees the collection, analysis, and reporting of complete statistics on the condition of American education. In addition, the Commissioner oversees the data gathering and dissemination of reports representing and dissecting educational activities domestically and internationally.




Chief Data Officer (CDO)


Career Appointment The Chief Data Officer (CDO) leads the Department of Education’s Office of the Chief Data Officer, which is responsible for data governance, open data initiatives, and data analytics to improve the agency’s ability to leverage data as a strategic asset. The CDO chairs ED’s Data Governance Board, gathering input from across ED to inform policy and process decisions about the development and use of the ED’s data assets. The CDO serves as ED’s liaison to other agencies and OMB on the best way to use existing agency data for statistical purposes. The CDO coordinates with the ED’s Chief Information Officer to improve infrastructure and reduce barriers that inhibit the accessibility of data, and on implementing and enforcing applicable policies and procedures with respect to records management. The CDO engages agency employees, the public, and contractors in using public data assets, and encourages collaborative approaches on improving data use.





 

Department of Education

Director, Office of Education Technology


Noncareer Appointment By statute, the Director reports directly to the Secretary, and is authorized to develop and implement the national vision and strategy for educational technology policy both within the Department and across government. This includes promoting awareness of the potential of technology for improving teaching and learning, supporting state and local efforts to increase the effective, research-based use of technology, promoting the effective uses of technology in existing federal education programs, and coordinating educational technology activities among the public and private sectors. The Director develops national educational technology policy and establishes the vision for how technology can be used to transform teaching and learning to make everywhere, all-the-time learning possible for K-12, higher education, and adult education programs. The Director works in collaboration with other ED offices, the White House, and other federal agencies on issues related to the effective use of technology to support teaching and learning. OET is also the primary Department of Education office for outreach to the education technology developer community. With virtually all learning in both public K-12 schools and higher education institutions either fully online or partially online, there is a critical need for a strategic vision of the policies, strategies, capacities, and resources necessary for effective online and hybrid teaching and learning. This role is critical to a successful pandemic response by supporting the effective, efficient use of federal funds at both the state and local levels as well as providing guidance on the equitable, effective use of technology for learning to begin to address the disproportionate learning lost though the pandemic among marginalized youth and our most vulnerable populations. The Director will need to coordinate closely with the senior leadership at ED, WH OSTP, DPC, NEC, HHS, CDC, and others to ensure that the government is properly prioritizing and supporting evidence-based practices to accelerate our recovery and minimize ongoing learning losses, and to ensure that all students are being reached and served.




Deputy Director, Office of Education Technology


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Deputy Director of OET provides direct support to the mission of the office, and often takes on an additional specialty role based on their background and the priority needs of ED that may include expertise, for example, in higher education or in the more technical side of learning technology (privacy, interoperability, OER, etc), as opposed to the policy side. This position also often serves as an internal consultant to ED offices providing them guidance on the best use of technology for their priorities, impacting the deployment and use of billions of dollars in federal spending. The administration may choose to appoint someone to this role with particular expertise to move forward national policy initiatives. For example, if extending broadband for learning at home is a priority for the administration, this person could be an expert in E-rate and state and school connectivity issues. If helping higher education adapt to fully online or hybrid learning was a priority, this position could be someone with higher ed leadership and learning technology expertise.




Deputy Assistant Secretary for  Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development


Noncareer Appointment The Deputy Assistant Secretary works with Congress, the White House, OMB, Program Offices and Office of the Secretary to structure agency priorities, policy agenda, and influences budget priorities. Historically, the Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development holds the most influence and sets the policy agenda within the Department of Education.




Director, Institute of Education Sciences


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director leads the statistics, research, and evaluation portfolio of the Department of Education. The Director oversees a variety of data gathering exercises including surveys and research projects to understand areas and ways to improve student learning. The Director also receives insight directly from members of the National Board of Education Sciences, who are also appointed by the President.




Commissioner of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)


Presidential Appointment The Commissioner sets policy and standards for the operation of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) -- the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education. The Commissioner oversees the collection, analysis, and reporting of complete statistics on the condition of American education. In addition, the Commissioner oversees the data gathering and dissemination of reports representing and dissecting educational activities domestically and internationally.




Chief Data Officer (CDO)


Career Appointment The Chief Data Officer (CDO) leads the Department of Education’s Office of the Chief Data Officer, which is responsible for data governance, open data initiatives, and data analytics to improve the agency’s ability to leverage data as a strategic asset. The CDO chairs ED’s Data Governance Board, gathering input from across ED to inform policy and process decisions about the development and use of the ED’s data assets. The CDO serves as ED’s liaison to other agencies and OMB on the best way to use existing agency data for statistical purposes. The CDO coordinates with the ED’s Chief Information Officer to improve infrastructure and reduce barriers that inhibit the accessibility of data, and on implementing and enforcing applicable policies and procedures with respect to records management. The CDO engages agency employees, the public, and contractors in using public data assets, and encourages collaborative approaches on improving data use.





 

Department of Energy

Associate Deputy Secretary


Noncareer Appointment The Associate Deputy Secretary serves as an advisor on energy policy and existing & emerging energy technologies. They are responsible for adapting the U.S energy supply to shifting conditions. They manage operations and R&D for energy innovation. They can support and champion the shift to renewable energy sources in the management of U.S energy supply.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directs the Office of the Secretary, helping to oversee the agency's billion dollar budget and 100,000+ person workforce. The Chief of Staff is crucial because they aid the Secretary in development of energy policy and operationally translating policy into action.




Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and NNSA Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation
The Under Secretary and NNSA Administrator manages the operation of NNSA and advises on NNSA policy. They supports NNSA missions to maintain and enhance the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S nuclear weapons stockpile; reduce the global danger from weapons of mass destruction; provide the U.S navy with safe and effective nuclear propulsion; and respond to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the U.S and abroad. The NNSA Administrator is an important voice in shaping U.S nuclear weapons policy.




Director, Advanced Research Project Agency - Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director of ARPA-E leads the agency in advancing high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector investment. The ARPA-E Director identifies and manages strategic priorities on ARPA-E research and manages the funding of its R&D portfolio. ARPA-E’s focus is on supporting high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that would not receive private-sector support at their early stages. The Director supports all activities across ARPA-E’s portfolio, and has deep expertise in R&D, energy and portfolio management. The ARPA-E Director is a critical role for the current Administration’s focus on climate change and furthering a clean energy future.




Deputy Secretary


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Secretary acts as the principal advisor on energy policy and on a wide array of existing and emerging energy technologies. The Deputy Secretary is responsible for driving transformative energy progress and technology solutions through coordinated planning, management, and innovation. The Deputy Secretary is an important advisor within the agency on energy policy and will be able to champion the Administration's energy policy in both planning and execution.




Under Secretary for Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Under Secretary for Science advises on fundamental energy research, energy technologies, and science. They direct programs including nuclear and high energy particle physics, basic energy, advanced computing, fusion, and biological and environmental research. The Under Secretary is in charge of the environmental and legacy management missions of DOE, namely the U.S. legacy of nuclear weapons production and government-sponsored nuclear energy research. The Under Secretary acts as the head of technology commercialization activities for DOE and its 17 national laboratories. Additionally, the Under Secretary plays a role Administration's nuclear weapons policy and technology commercialization activities from DOE.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs promotes the Secretary’s, Department’s, and Administration’s policies, legislative initiatives, and budget requests with the Congress, State, territorial, Tribal, and local government officials, and other federal agencies. The Assistant Secretary serves as DOE’s liaison with Members of Congress, other levels of governments and stakeholders which includes consumer liaison, and public interest groups. They are the main point of contact for advancing the administration's energy policy with Congress. This role will be critical in helping with all confirmation processes. They will also be critical to ensure that the new Secretary forms strong connections on Capitol Hill as well as with other agencies to coordinate on key energy, climate, or defense issues.




Executive Director, Loan Programs Office


Noncareer Appointment The Executive Director manages the distribution of funding and deployment of large-scale energy infrastructure projects in the United States. The Director administer three different loan programs to develop high-impact energy-related ventures. LPO has $40 billion in loan and loan guarantee authority available to develop advanced technology vehicles manufacturing, tribal energy development projects, innovative advanced fossil energy projects, innovative advanced nuclear energy projects, and innovative renewable energy & efficient energy projects. The Director could be a major resource in steering federal funding toward updating U.S energy infrastructure.




Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESAR)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The CESER Assistant Secretary maintains unique and sector-wide situational awareness, discovers and mitigates vulnerabilities and cyber threats, and orchestrates response and recovery operations through capacity building, partnerships, research, and information sharing to safeguard against all hazards. CESER is the most sector facing office in the Department, coordinating two energy sub-sector councils—Oil and Natural Gas and —with the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency The CESER Assistant Secretary plays a critical role in safeguarding the nation's energy system against vulnerabilities and cyber threats. In light of the recent cyber attacks, the Assistant Secretary will be critical for protecting American energy infrastructure from foreign adversaries and cyber attacks.




Assistant Secretary for Electricity


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Electricity leads DOE’s efforts to ensure the nation's most critical energy infrastructure is secure and resilient against disruptions. The person in this role serves as the primary liaison between private and public sector stakeholders in support of advancing grid research and development, energy resilience, and grid operations technology. The Assistant Secretary also oversees the “Power Marketing Administrations” facilitating and supporting the use and implementation of hydropower across the United States. The Assistant Secretary plays a vital role in securing and developing a resilient energy infrastructure for the 21st century.




Director, Office of Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Office of Science Director leads DOE’s Office of Science, which is the nation’s largest supporter of basic research in physical sciences and responsible for 10 of the 17 DOE national labs. They determine key science priorities for DOE. The person in this role will work with the DOE Secretary and the administration to develop key science priorities for DOE.




Director, Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office (AITO)


Noncareer Appointment The AITO Director oversees the research, development, delivery, and application of artificial intelligence (AI). The AITO Director lead the synchronization of AI applications to advance the DOE’s core missions and expand public and private sector strategic partnerships in AI. This position is critical to the AI policy agenda since DOE’s AITO is currently poised to be the U.S government’s lead agency in the civilian use of AI.




Assistant Secretary for International Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for International Affairs supports the international agenda of the DOE Secretary. The Assistant Secretary develops relationships and initiatives to enhance global energy security through countering malign influence, diversifying supplies, and increasing energy access. The Assistant Secretary supports the increase of U.S energy exports and works with the United States Trade Representative to enhance growth through trade. The Assitant Secretary is instrumental in executing the international dimension of energy policy.




Director, Office of Technology Transitions


Noncareer Appointment The Office of Technology Transitions (OTT) serves as the central hub for technology transfer activities across the Department of Energy’s extensive R&D enterprise. The Director leads OTT in its work to expand the commercial reach of DOE research and development activities. The Director works to ensure groundbreaking scientific discoveries achieve their maximum public return and impact, advancing the economic, energy, and national security interests of the United States. OTT also implements Congressional legislation, including the dissemination of two reports to Congress—the “Technology Transitions Execution plan” and the “Report on Technology Transfer and Related Technology Partnering Activities at the National Laboratories and Other Facilities.” The Director also coordinates with DOE’s National Labs and scientific researchers on developing intellectual property and fostering strong internal and external partnerships that guide innovations from the lab toward the marketplace.




Secretary of Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary leads DOE to maintain a safe, secure, and effective nuclear deterrent, reduce threat of nuclear proliferation, oversee the U.S energy supply, carry out environmental clean-up from the Cold War nuclear mission, and manage 17 National Laboratories. The Secretary must develop strategic priorities for DOE. There needs to be a healthy working relationship between the Secretary and the White House in order to develop effective energy policy, especially relevant for an ambitious climate change agenda.




Associate Director, Basic Energy Sciences


Career Appointment The Associate Director leads funding for basic research at more than 160 research institutions to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels in order to provide the foundations for new energy technologies and support DOE’s mission. The Associate Director is responsible for planning, constructing, and operating major scientific user facilities to serve researchers from universities, national laboratories, and private institutions. The Associate Director is critical because fundamental research in basic energy sciences is necessary to advance US innovation.




Associate Director, Nuclear Physics


Career Appointment The Associate Director directs funding for over 90 percent of nuclear science research in the U.S. The Associate Director supports four scientific user facilities: the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF); the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); and currently under construction, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). The Associate Director is responsible for managing the DOE Isotope Program, which supports the production, distribution, and development of production techniques for radioactive and stable isotopes to the nation. DOE’s Office of Nuclear Physics is the top funding resource for nuclear science research in the U.S. and directs fundamental research that can inform nuclear policy.





 

Department of Health and Human Services

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Department of Homeland Security

Director, U.S. Geological Survey


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is the nation's largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. The Director oversees the collection, monitoring, and analysis of natural resource conditions, issues, and problems, and supervises scientists who develop new methods and tools to supply timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes. The Director serves as one of the federal government’s leaders in basic research regarding our natural world. The Director is ideally someone that is well-versed in science and can effectively work with career scientists.




Chief Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey


Career Appointment The Chief Scientist is the top scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey, the largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change, charged with collecting, monitoring, and analyzing natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The Chief Scientist works directly with, and reports directly to, the agency’s Director, helping to ensure that they have the scientific information they need to undertake these core functions. The Chief Scientist also serves as the USGS Executive Science Liaison within DOI and with other Federal agencies.




Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior is the top scientist in the Department, providing expert insights into all decisions requiring scientific expertise. The Science Advisor helps advise on all the Secretary’s key policy and management decisions, offering the best scientific information available across all the Department’s areas of oversight. The Science Advisor should have extensive and varied knowledge across scientific disciplines and be well versed in topics related to the Interior including the national parks and their inhabitants, land use, and the country’s natural resources.




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Noncareer Appointment The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency dedicated to fish and wildlife management and conservation. The Director, among their many functions, oversees the application of scientific information and research to the management and recovery of endangered species; the administration of National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; and the management of migratory birds. It is imperative that this position be filled by someone who understands and appreciates science, which is the cornerstone of good wildlife conservation and management. By statute, the Fish and Wildlife Service director must be knowledgeable in the principles of fisheries and wildlife management, through scientific education and experience [6 U.S.C. 742(b)].




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. National Park Service


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Director of the U.S. National Park Service is the scientist who provides scientific input to policy and operations for leadership in the National Park Service. The Science Advisor is a working scientist who reports to the Service’s Director, providing daily advice, leads special science initiatives and serving as an advisor on all research and policy related activities. The U.S. National Park Service is a resource management agency that uses science to protect the country’s 423 national parks and conserve the national parks’ natural and cultural resources.





 

Department of Interior

Director, U.S. Geological Survey


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is the nation's largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. The Director oversees the collection, monitoring, and analysis of natural resource conditions, issues, and problems, and supervises scientists who develop new methods and tools to supply timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes. The Director serves as one of the federal government’s leaders in basic research regarding our natural world. The Director is ideally someone that is well-versed in science and can effectively work with career scientists.




Chief Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey


Career Appointment The Chief Scientist is the top scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey, the largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change, charged with collecting, monitoring, and analyzing natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The Chief Scientist works directly with, and reports directly to, the agency’s Director, helping to ensure that they have the scientific information they need to undertake these core functions. The Chief Scientist also serves as the USGS Executive Science Liaison within DOI and with other Federal agencies.




Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior is the top scientist in the Department, providing expert insights into all decisions requiring scientific expertise. The Science Advisor helps advise on all the Secretary’s key policy and management decisions, offering the best scientific information available across all the Department’s areas of oversight. The Science Advisor should have extensive and varied knowledge across scientific disciplines and be well versed in topics related to the Interior including the national parks and their inhabitants, land use, and the country’s natural resources.




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Noncareer Appointment The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency dedicated to fish and wildlife management and conservation. The Director, among their many functions, oversees the application of scientific information and research to the management and recovery of endangered species; the administration of National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; and the management of migratory birds. It is imperative that this position be filled by someone who understands and appreciates science, which is the cornerstone of good wildlife conservation and management. By statute, the Fish and Wildlife Service director must be knowledgeable in the principles of fisheries and wildlife management, through scientific education and experience [6 U.S.C. 742(b)].




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. National Park Service


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Director of the U.S. National Park Service is the scientist who provides scientific input to policy and operations for leadership in the National Park Service. The Science Advisor is a working scientist who reports to the Service’s Director, providing daily advice, leads special science initiatives and serving as an advisor on all research and policy related activities. The U.S. National Park Service is a resource management agency that uses science to protect the country’s 423 national parks and conserve the national parks’ natural and cultural resources.





 

Department of Justice

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Department of Labor

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Department of State

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Department of Transportation

Associate Deputy Secretary


Noncareer Appointment The Associate Deputy Secretary serves as an advisor on energy policy and existing & emerging energy technologies. They are responsible for adapting the U.S energy supply to shifting conditions. They manage operations and R&D for energy innovation. They can support and champion the shift to renewable energy sources in the management of U.S energy supply.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directs the Office of the Secretary, helping to oversee the agency's billion dollar budget and 100,000+ person workforce. The Chief of Staff is crucial because they aid the Secretary in development of energy policy and operationally translating policy into action.




Under Secretary for Nuclear Security and NNSA Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation
The Under Secretary and NNSA Administrator manages the operation of NNSA and advises on NNSA policy. They supports NNSA missions to maintain and enhance the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S nuclear weapons stockpile; reduce the global danger from weapons of mass destruction; provide the U.S navy with safe and effective nuclear propulsion; and respond to nuclear and radiological emergencies in the U.S and abroad. The NNSA Administrator is an important voice in shaping U.S nuclear weapons policy.




Director, Advanced Research Project Agency - Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director of ARPA-E leads the agency in advancing high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that are too early for private-sector investment. The ARPA-E Director identifies and manages strategic priorities on ARPA-E research and manages the funding of its R&D portfolio. ARPA-E’s focus is on supporting high-potential, high-impact energy technologies that would not receive private-sector support at their early stages. The Director supports all activities across ARPA-E’s portfolio, and has deep expertise in R&D, energy and portfolio management. The ARPA-E Director is a critical role for the current Administration’s focus on climate change and furthering a clean energy future.




Deputy Secretary


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Secretary acts as the principal advisor on energy policy and on a wide array of existing and emerging energy technologies. The Deputy Secretary is responsible for driving transformative energy progress and technology solutions through coordinated planning, management, and innovation. The Deputy Secretary is an important advisor within the agency on energy policy and will be able to champion the Administration's energy policy in both planning and execution.




Under Secretary for Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Under Secretary for Science advises on fundamental energy research, energy technologies, and science. They direct programs including nuclear and high energy particle physics, basic energy, advanced computing, fusion, and biological and environmental research. The Under Secretary is in charge of the environmental and legacy management missions of DOE, namely the U.S. legacy of nuclear weapons production and government-sponsored nuclear energy research. The Under Secretary acts as the head of technology commercialization activities for DOE and its 17 national laboratories. Additionally, the Under Secretary plays a role Administration's nuclear weapons policy and technology commercialization activities from DOE.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs promotes the Secretary’s, Department’s, and Administration’s policies, legislative initiatives, and budget requests with the Congress, State, territorial, Tribal, and local government officials, and other federal agencies. The Assistant Secretary serves as DOE’s liaison with Members of Congress, other levels of governments and stakeholders which includes consumer liaison, and public interest groups. They are the main point of contact for advancing the administration's energy policy with Congress. This role will be critical in helping with all confirmation processes. They will also be critical to ensure that the new Secretary forms strong connections on Capitol Hill as well as with other agencies to coordinate on key energy, climate, or defense issues.




Executive Director, Loan Programs Office


Noncareer Appointment The Executive Director manages the distribution of funding and deployment of large-scale energy infrastructure projects in the United States. The Director administer three different loan programs to develop high-impact energy-related ventures. LPO has $40 billion in loan and loan guarantee authority available to develop advanced technology vehicles manufacturing, tribal energy development projects, innovative advanced fossil energy projects, innovative advanced nuclear energy projects, and innovative renewable energy & efficient energy projects. The Director could be a major resource in steering federal funding toward updating U.S energy infrastructure.




Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESAR)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The CESER Assistant Secretary maintains unique and sector-wide situational awareness, discovers and mitigates vulnerabilities and cyber threats, and orchestrates response and recovery operations through capacity building, partnerships, research, and information sharing to safeguard against all hazards. CESER is the most sector facing office in the Department, coordinating two energy sub-sector councils—Oil and Natural Gas and —with the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency The CESER Assistant Secretary plays a critical role in safeguarding the nation's energy system against vulnerabilities and cyber threats. In light of the recent cyber attacks, the Assistant Secretary will be critical for protecting American energy infrastructure from foreign adversaries and cyber attacks.




Assistant Secretary for Electricity


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for the Office of Electricity leads DOE’s efforts to ensure the nation's most critical energy infrastructure is secure and resilient against disruptions. The person in this role serves as the primary liaison between private and public sector stakeholders in support of advancing grid research and development, energy resilience, and grid operations technology. The Assistant Secretary also oversees the “Power Marketing Administrations” facilitating and supporting the use and implementation of hydropower across the United States. The Assistant Secretary plays a vital role in securing and developing a resilient energy infrastructure for the 21st century.




Director, Office of Science


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Office of Science Director leads DOE’s Office of Science, which is the nation’s largest supporter of basic research in physical sciences and responsible for 10 of the 17 DOE national labs. They determine key science priorities for DOE. The person in this role will work with the DOE Secretary and the administration to develop key science priorities for DOE.




Director, Artificial Intelligence and Technology Office (AITO)


Noncareer Appointment The AITO Director oversees the research, development, delivery, and application of artificial intelligence (AI). The AITO Director lead the synchronization of AI applications to advance the DOE’s core missions and expand public and private sector strategic partnerships in AI. This position is critical to the AI policy agenda since DOE’s AITO is currently poised to be the U.S government’s lead agency in the civilian use of AI.




Assistant Secretary for International Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for International Affairs supports the international agenda of the DOE Secretary. The Assistant Secretary develops relationships and initiatives to enhance global energy security through countering malign influence, diversifying supplies, and increasing energy access. The Assistant Secretary supports the increase of U.S energy exports and works with the United States Trade Representative to enhance growth through trade. The Assitant Secretary is instrumental in executing the international dimension of energy policy.




Director, Office of Technology Transitions


Noncareer Appointment The Office of Technology Transitions (OTT) serves as the central hub for technology transfer activities across the Department of Energy’s extensive R&D enterprise. The Director leads OTT in its work to expand the commercial reach of DOE research and development activities. The Director works to ensure groundbreaking scientific discoveries achieve their maximum public return and impact, advancing the economic, energy, and national security interests of the United States. OTT also implements Congressional legislation, including the dissemination of two reports to Congress—the “Technology Transitions Execution plan” and the “Report on Technology Transfer and Related Technology Partnering Activities at the National Laboratories and Other Facilities.” The Director also coordinates with DOE’s National Labs and scientific researchers on developing intellectual property and fostering strong internal and external partnerships that guide innovations from the lab toward the marketplace.




Secretary of Energy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary leads DOE to maintain a safe, secure, and effective nuclear deterrent, reduce threat of nuclear proliferation, oversee the U.S energy supply, carry out environmental clean-up from the Cold War nuclear mission, and manage 17 National Laboratories. The Secretary must develop strategic priorities for DOE. There needs to be a healthy working relationship between the Secretary and the White House in order to develop effective energy policy, especially relevant for an ambitious climate change agenda.




Associate Director, Basic Energy Sciences


Career Appointment The Associate Director leads funding for basic research at more than 160 research institutions to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels in order to provide the foundations for new energy technologies and support DOE’s mission. The Associate Director is responsible for planning, constructing, and operating major scientific user facilities to serve researchers from universities, national laboratories, and private institutions. The Associate Director is critical because fundamental research in basic energy sciences is necessary to advance US innovation.




Associate Director, Nuclear Physics


Career Appointment The Associate Director directs funding for over 90 percent of nuclear science research in the U.S. The Associate Director supports four scientific user facilities: the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF); the Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); and currently under construction, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). The Associate Director is responsible for managing the DOE Isotope Program, which supports the production, distribution, and development of production techniques for radioactive and stable isotopes to the nation. DOE’s Office of Nuclear Physics is the top funding resource for nuclear science research in the U.S. and directs fundamental research that can inform nuclear policy.





 

Environmental Protection Agency

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Federal Communications Commission

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Federal Trade Commission

Director


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The NSF Director works with groups and entities within and beyond NSF to shape directions for fundamental research in US science and engineering. This requires advocating for funding; ensuring the recruitment, development, and coordination of persons qualified to advance the enterprise; and fostering communications with Congressional committees and units in the Executive Branch. Additionally, the Director leads and convenes intergovernmental science research bodies (e.g., National Science and Technology Council), as well as international ones. The Director plays an especially important role in setting the direction for science and engineering research and development, which the White House will promote.




Assistant Director, Computer and Information Science and Engineering


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director of CISE (CISE AD) leads NSF’s efforts in tackling technological challenges, including scaling big data, advancing artificial intelligence, and making quantum computing a reality. The CISE AD also spends a considerable amount of time in interagency collaboration, traditionally co-chairing the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), as well as the NSTC subcommittees on Machine Learning and AI (NSTC/MLAI) and Open Science (NSTC/SOC). A significant amount of the 10 research areas prioritized in NSF’s Endless Frontier agenda are housed within CISE.




Assistant Director, Engineering


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director for Engineering accelerates collaborations across industry, business, and academia to foster US innovation. The Assistant Director has to balance the numerous disciplines of engineering (civil, mechanical, biomedical, environmental, and more) that are not necessarily cohesive. The Assistant Director needs to be someone who can effectively partner with the diversity of engineering communities and stakeholders to facilitate innovation.




Assistant Director, Biological Sciences


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director for Biological Sciences oversees human, financial, and other resources required for advancing fundamental research in the biological sciences, which entails support primarily within the non-medical arena. To enhance coordination with the work underway in related agencies, this AD engages in collaborations with the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Energy—as well as public and private bodies in other nations.




Assistant Director, Education and Human Resources


Career Appointment The Assistant Director for Education and Human Resources attends to research, policy and practices across the educational spectrum—from pre-college through graduate education. The discipline-based Directorates sponsor education initiatives within their own spheres, with EHR leading activities that transcend those spheres.




Assistant Director, Mathematical and Physical Sciences


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director for Mathematical and Physical Sciences (MPS) manages a budget of approximately $1.5B—by far the biggest budget of the directorates—and a portfolio consisting of a broad range of the mathematical and physical sciences. The division needs to closely interact with the Department of Energy in particular, where 50-60% of federally-funded physics research occurs. There are close ties to NASA as well. The AD not only promotes inquiry in the physical sciences but attends to the infrastructure that the fundamental work might require, as most infrastructure resides under MPS (LIGO, CERN, VLA, etc.). Lastly, the AD has to have a high international presence because of all the international collaboration involved with the aforementioned research facilities.




Chief Officer for Research Facilities


Career Appointment The Chief Officer for Research Facilities (CORF) advises the NSF director on all aspects of the agency's support for major and mid-scale research facilities throughout their lifecycle, such as NEON, NSO, and LIGO. Research infrastructure plays a critical role in science and engineering and the CORF is uniquely positioned to command oversight of the development, construction, and operations of major multiuser research facilities across NSF—from concept to construction and operation. Lastly, the position requires responsiveness to the scientific community and accountability to the public and its elected representatives.




Chief of Research Security, Strategy and Policy


Career Appointment The Research Security Chief is tasked with providing the NSF director with policy advice on all aspects of research security strategy. They will also lead NSF’s efforts to develop and implement strategies to improve research security and the agency’s coordination with other federal agencies and the White House. Lastly, they lead efforts to address threats to openness and transparency of research and its results and will substantively engage with the research community, intelligence agencies, oversight committees and law enforcement—this critically important position is one of the few within NSF that have TS/SCI clearance. It’s important for the Research Security Chief to bring academic perspective to national security policy (e.g., immigration).




Deputy Director


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Director manages the internal affairs of the agency. This involves reviewing organizational arrangements with the Director and senior staff, to assess their responsiveness to contemporary conditions. The Deputy Director conducts periodic evaluations of the Assistant Directors and the heads of units within the Office of the Director. The Director maintains connections with the Office of the Inspector General, to safeguard the resources the nation entrusts to the Foundation. This Senate-approved position has not been filled since 2013, and the functions of this position have been undertaken by the Chief Operating Officer.




Head, Office of Legislative & Public Affairs


Career Appointment The COVID-19 pandemic has proved that science communication to the public, legislators, and other stakeholders are more crucial than ever. The Head of the Office of Legislative and Public Affairs will have to focus on moving beyond the NSF press release and undertake a more proactive stance to educate and communicate to the public and Congress about NSF’s existence and the different types of work that it supports, in order to achieve better outcomes and restore faith in science. On the Hill, greater awareness of NSF’s critical role would improve communication with congressional staffers and increase representation on the Hill. Lastly, the person in this role should have a diverse communication strategy that reflects the diversity of audiences that NSF engages with. The Head of the Office of Legislative and Public Affairs can influence not only what takes place within NSF but also the outcomes more generally for the fields on which it centers. An understanding of political and public perspectives derived from research the agency has funded is available to the Office Head.




Head, Office of International Science and Engineering


Career Appointment The Head of OISE coordinates the agency’s international strategy and manages internationally-focused programs that further U.S. strategic research interests. They facilitate and expand international science cooperation between U.S. experts and their foreign counterparts across the globe, leading NSF’s efforts to transform the way that it identifies and funds cooperative research. The expansion of science and engineering around the globe makes it essential that NSF attend systematically to International Science and Engineering.





 

National Aeronautics and Aerospace Administration

Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The NASA Administrator serves as the senior space science advisor to the President. The Administrator also leads NASA and manages its resources to advance the vision for space exploration. NASA Administrators have a long, storied history in the development of US space policy. The Administrator will need to be a strong leader in order to lead the 17,000 civil servants at NASA.




Deputy Administrator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Administrator serves as the agency’s second-in-command and is responsible for providing overall leadership, planning, and policy direction for the agency. The Deputy Administrator performs duties and exercises powers delegated by the Administrator. Additionally, the Deputy acts in the Administrator’s absence to govern NASA operations.




Chief of Staff


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The Chief of Staff is the advisor to the Administrator and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s space policy agenda. The Chief of Staff is the primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Congress, and other agencies.




Chief Scientist


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is the most senior science position at NASA, serving as the principal scientific advisor to the NASA Administrator on science agency science programs, strategic planning, science policy, and the evaluation of related investments. They represent NASA's strategic science objectives and contributions to the national and international science communities. Lastly, they ensure that NASA research programs are scientifically and technologically aligned with policy decisions.




Associate Administrator for Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator guides the strategic direction of NASA’s aeronautical research for applications to commercial, military, and general aviation sectors. The research portfolio includes quiet supersonic flight over land, urban air mobility, and autonomy, among other endeavors.




Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency’s effort on operations related to human exploration in and beyond low-Earth orbit. The Associate Administrator is primarily tasked with the management of Commercial Space Transportation, Human Space Flight Capabilities, and other items. The Associate Administrator oversees low-level requirements, development, policy, and programmatic oversight, including engagement at the International Space Station.




Associate Administrator for Science Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator leads the Agency effort to seek new knowledge and understanding of Earth, the Sun and solar system, and the universe. The Directorate engages external and internal science communities to define and prioritize science questions and seeks to expand the frontiers of five broad scientific pursuits: Earth Science, Planetary Science, Biological and Physical Sciences, Heliophysics, and Astrophysics.




Associate Administrator for Space Technology Mission Directorate


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator provides executive leadership and management of the technology programs with a value of $1.1 billion. They oversee the Agency effort to develop transformative space technologies for future missions, including testing capabilities for the Moon and Mars. The Associate Administrator manages engagement with entrepreneurs, researchers, and innovators.




Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement


Career Appointment The Associate Administrator for Stem Engagement oversees strategic direction and leadership of NASA’s science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) engagement function, which attracts and supports the involvement of students in the realization of NASA’s unique missions. The Associate Administrator leads work on engaging America’s educators, students and institutions in NASA’s missions, contributing to mission success, as well as the nation’s overall STEM education ecosystem.





 

National Science Foundation

Director


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The NSF Director works with groups and entities within and beyond NSF to shape directions for fundamental research in US science and engineering. This requires advocating for funding; ensuring the recruitment, development, and coordination of persons qualified to advance the enterprise; and fostering communications with Congressional committees and units in the Executive Branch. Additionally, the Director leads and convenes intergovernmental science research bodies (e.g., National Science and Technology Council), as well as international ones. The Director plays an especially important role in setting the direction for science and engineering research and development, which the White House will promote.




Assistant Director, Computer and Information Science and Engineering


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director of CISE (CISE AD) leads NSF’s efforts in tackling technological challenges, including scaling big data, advancing artificial intelligence, and making quantum computing a reality. The CISE AD also spends a considerable amount of time in interagency collaboration, traditionally co-chairing the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), as well as the NSTC subcommittees on Machine Learning and AI (NSTC/MLAI) and Open Science (NSTC/SOC). A significant amount of the 10 research areas prioritized in NSF’s Endless Frontier agenda are housed within CISE.




Assistant Director, Engineering


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director for Engineering accelerates collaborations across industry, business, and academia to foster US innovation. The Assistant Director has to balance the numerous disciplines of engineering (civil, mechanical, biomedical, environmental, and more) that are not necessarily cohesive. The Assistant Director needs to be someone who can effectively partner with the diversity of engineering communities and stakeholders to facilitate innovation.




Assistant Director, Biological Sciences


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director for Biological Sciences oversees human, financial, and other resources required for advancing fundamental research in the biological sciences, which entails support primarily within the non-medical arena. To enhance coordination with the work underway in related agencies, this AD engages in collaborations with the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Energy—as well as public and private bodies in other nations.




Assistant Director, Education and Human Resources


Career Appointment The Assistant Director for Education and Human Resources attends to research, policy and practices across the educational spectrum—from pre-college through graduate education. The discipline-based Directorates sponsor education initiatives within their own spheres, with EHR leading activities that transcend those spheres.




Assistant Director, Mathematical and Physical Sciences


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Director for Mathematical and Physical Sciences (MPS) manages a budget of approximately $1.5B—by far the biggest budget of the directorates—and a portfolio consisting of a broad range of the mathematical and physical sciences. The division needs to closely interact with the Department of Energy in particular, where 50-60% of federally-funded physics research occurs. There are close ties to NASA as well. The AD not only promotes inquiry in the physical sciences but attends to the infrastructure that the fundamental work might require, as most infrastructure resides under MPS (LIGO, CERN, VLA, etc.). Lastly, the AD has to have a high international presence because of all the international collaboration involved with the aforementioned research facilities.




Chief Officer for Research Facilities


Career Appointment The Chief Officer for Research Facilities (CORF) advises the NSF director on all aspects of the agency's support for major and mid-scale research facilities throughout their lifecycle, such as NEON, NSO, and LIGO. Research infrastructure plays a critical role in science and engineering and the CORF is uniquely positioned to command oversight of the development, construction, and operations of major multiuser research facilities across NSF—from concept to construction and operation. Lastly, the position requires responsiveness to the scientific community and accountability to the public and its elected representatives.




Chief of Research Security, Strategy and Policy


Career Appointment The Research Security Chief is tasked with providing the NSF director with policy advice on all aspects of research security strategy. They will also lead NSF’s efforts to develop and implement strategies to improve research security and the agency’s coordination with other federal agencies and the White House. Lastly, they lead efforts to address threats to openness and transparency of research and its results and will substantively engage with the research community, intelligence agencies, oversight committees and law enforcement—this critically important position is one of the few within NSF that have TS/SCI clearance. It’s important for the Research Security Chief to bring academic perspective to national security policy (e.g., immigration).




Deputy Director


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy Director manages the internal affairs of the agency. This involves reviewing organizational arrangements with the Director and senior staff, to assess their responsiveness to contemporary conditions. The Deputy Director conducts periodic evaluations of the Assistant Directors and the heads of units within the Office of the Director. The Director maintains connections with the Office of the Inspector General, to safeguard the resources the nation entrusts to the Foundation. This Senate-approved position has not been filled since 2013, and the functions of this position have been undertaken by the Chief Operating Officer.




Head, Office of Legislative & Public Affairs


Career Appointment The COVID-19 pandemic has proved that science communication to the public, legislators, and other stakeholders are more crucial than ever. The Head of the Office of Legislative and Public Affairs will have to focus on moving beyond the NSF press release and undertake a more proactive stance to educate and communicate to the public and Congress about NSF’s existence and the different types of work that it supports, in order to achieve better outcomes and restore faith in science. On the Hill, greater awareness of NSF’s critical role would improve communication with congressional staffers and increase representation on the Hill. Lastly, the person in this role should have a diverse communication strategy that reflects the diversity of audiences that NSF engages with. The Head of the Office of Legislative and Public Affairs can influence not only what takes place within NSF but also the outcomes more generally for the fields on which it centers. An understanding of political and public perspectives derived from research the agency has funded is available to the Office Head.




Head, Office of International Science and Engineering


Career Appointment The Head of OISE coordinates the agency’s international strategy and manages internationally-focused programs that further U.S. strategic research interests. They facilitate and expand international science cooperation between U.S. experts and their foreign counterparts across the globe, leading NSF’s efforts to transform the way that it identifies and funds cooperative research. The expansion of science and engineering around the globe makes it essential that NSF attend systematically to International Science and Engineering.





Office of Management and Budget

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.





 

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Director, Office of Policy and Strategic Planning


Noncareer Appointment The Director of the Office of Policy and Strategic Planning oversees the development and implementation of policy throughout the department. Given the vast sweep of the Commerce Department's portfolio, its Policy Director can have substantial influence over a wide array of issues that affect science and technology, including: allocation of spectrum (NTIA), standards development (NIST), export control (BIS), and environmental policy (NOAA), among others.




NIST Director and Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is the federal hub for advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. The NIST Director provides high-level oversight and direction for NIST and will play a key role in setting standards related to AI, QIS and other emerging technologies of the coming years. The NIST Director should be someone with a broad background in science and technology, a history of working effectively with U.S. federal labs, and significant cross-sector and industry leadership experience.




NOAA Administrator and Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator manages the day-to-day functions and the strategic and operational future of NOAA—the nation’s top science agency for climate, oceans, and the atmosphere. The Administrator is integral to executing a coherent federal climate-change policy. The Administrator oversees a $5.6B budget and monitors programmatic functions such as the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service, National Ocean Service, and the National Weather Service. The Administrator needs to have solid scientific rigor, team-building skills, and strategic sensibility to successfully run NOAA.




Deputy NOAA Administrator and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy NOAA Administrator leads a variety of efforts aimed at advancing marine transportation, sustainable seafood, and ocean exploration and mapping. The Deputy Administrator leads NOAA’s support on Indo-Pacific Strategy, Arctic research, operations, and engagement, and the execution of science and technology strategies for AI, unmanned systems, genomics, cloud tech, and citizen science. The Deputy Administrator chairs or co-chairs a variety of interagency bodies including the Coordinating Board for the Committee on the Marine Transportation System and the US Coral Reef Task Force. The Deputy Administrator is a member of the National Science and Technology Council’s Select Committee on AI, the National Security Council’s Policy Coordination Committees on Pacific Island Countries, the Arctic, and Maritime Security, and the Executive Steering Group of the National Space Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing.




Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction, NOAA


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction is responsible for guiding key investments that advance weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, unmanned systems research, and public-private partnerships for a blue economy. The Assistant Secretary is responsible for strategic oversight over spending related to weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, streamlining unmanned systems research for mission areas, and partnership potential for the nation's oceans.




Chief of Staff, NOAA


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff provides direct support to the NOAA Administrator. The Chief of Staff provides the complete range of management functions to the Administrator’s immediate staff of professionals and secretarial employees. They develop plans and oversee policies. major programs of joint effort. Lastly, they direct the functions, hiring, training, and disciplinary actions.




Chief Scientist, NOAA


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is responsible for driving policy and programming for NOAA’s science and technology priorities. This includes a broad research and technology portfolio, ranging from fisheries and marine biology to climate change and satellite instrumentation. The Chief Scientist is also responsible for ensuring that policy decisions are aligned with scientific evidence.




Assistant Administrator, Ocean and Atmospheric Research (OAR), NOAA


Career Appointment The Assistant Administrator oversees OAR, the research and development arm of NOAA and the driving force behind environmental products aimed at protecting life and promoting sustainable economic growth. The Assistant Administrator is responsible for a variety of research enterprises, including a network of laboratories and programs like the Climate Program, Weather Research, and Ocean Exploration.




Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services, NIST


Career Appointment The Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services serves as NIST’s principal executive responsible for partnerships with industry, providing oversight for the key extramural and technology transfer programs of the institute, including the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program; the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership; the Office of Advanced Manufacturing, which coordinates the interagency Manufacturing USA program; and the Technology Partnerships Office, which includes NIST’s Small Business Innovation Research Program. The Associate Director is responsible for enhancing the successful transfer of new technologies from NIST’s research laboratories to commercial markets and for reporting on behalf of the Federal Government impacts from the nation’s more than $150 billion federal investment in research. Lastly, the Associate Director is responsible for coordinating technology transfer policy development and implementation through a network of U.S. federal interagency technology transfer bodies.




Associate Director for Laboratory Programs, NIST


Career Appointment Reporting directly to the NIST Director, the Associate Director for Laboratory Programs manages U.S. measurement infrastructure—all of NIST’s scientific and technology lab programs. They oversee national advanced spectrum and communications test networks (Comms Tech lab), cyber-physical systems like Smart Grid Program Office (Engineering Lab), cybersecurity framework (IT Lab), neutron research and nanoscale science and technology (crucial for SME fabrication methods).





 

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The USPTO Director acts as the principal advisor to the President on all intellectual property (IP) policy matters, serves as chief executive of USPTO and guides PTO’s strategic and management goals. This USPTO Director is crucial to S&T in the next administration because they steer the PTO’s direction on IP priorities—a healthy patent and trademark system is necessary for competitive innovation in technology. Director will play a critical role in aiding and supporting the implementation of administration’s policies on innovation, industrialization, research and development, food and drug, and trade.




Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office


Appointment Excepted by Statute The Deputy Director acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for the operations of 4 USPTO Regional Offices, including 13,000 employees, and the management of the $3.5 Billion budget. They divide policy leadership duties with the PTO Director. They aid in steering PTO’s direction on iP priorities. Similarly, they can focus the legislative, regulatory, and international initiatives needed to support the next administration’s S&T agenda.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff acts as an advisor to the PTO Director and responsible for operational management, as well as the communication of the President’s IP agenda. Primary liaison for day-to-day policy coordination with the White House, Department of Commerce, and other agencies. They are the key bridge between administration and PTO in shaping and executing an IP agenda that values S&T. During the Obama administration, the Chief of Staff was a source of substantive counsel to the Under Secretary on S&T policy matters.




Commissioner of Patents


Career Appointment The Commissioner of Patents is the operational lead of the patents division of USPTO. Manages and directs administration of patent operations, examination policy, patent quality management, international patent cooperation, resources and planning, and budget administration. Although typically an operational role for PTO, previous Commissioners have played a substantial role in S&T policy discussions and decision making.




Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations


Career Appointment The Deputy Commissioner for Patent Operations proves oversight to nine Patent Technology Centers including biotech and organic fields, chemical and materials engineering, computer architecture software and information security, computer networks, multiplex, cable, and cryptography, communications, semiconductor, etc. Lastly, they have oversight over priority areas of emerging technology, especially considering plans of SME reshoring and AI development.




Chief Policy Officer and Director for International Affairs


Career Appointment The Chief Policy Officer (CPO) acts as a policy advisor to the USPTO Director. The CPO manages USPTO’s domestic and international intellectual property (IP) policy activities, legislative engagement through the Office of Governmental Affairs, education and training through the through the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA), global advocacy through the IP Attache Program, and economic analysis of the Office of the Chief Economist. Intellectual property can become more collaborative or more combative internationally, and thus the CPO plays a crucial role in advancing USPTO’s leadership and participation in both domestic and international innovation policy, especially with the increased focus on global technological competition.




General Counsel


Career Appointment The General Counsel acts as the legal advisor to the PTO Director. They oversee the Office of General Counsel, which includes the Office of the Solicitor, the Office of General Law, and the Office of Enrollment and Discipline. Represents the agency before the Federal Circuits and works with the Solicitor General and Dept. of Justice to formulate USG positions on Supreme Court litigations. They shape U.S innovation policy by intervening on behalf of the Federal Government in appellate cases that bear on substantive patent, trade secrecy, and copyright law.




Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is the principal advisor to USPTO on the design, development, and management of its information systems and technology. Hackers and legacy software hinder reliable processing of USPTO’s patent applications, slowing down innovation. The CIO has the opportunity to undertake a fundamental stabilization and modernization effort to transition USPTO to modern technology, which would make USPTO more agile and would enable more American innovation.




Chief Judge of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB)


Career Appointment The Chief Judge of the PTAB leads the PTAB as it conducts post-grant trials, including inter partes reviews, post-grant reviews, covered business method patent reviews and derivation proceedings, and as it hears appeals from adverse examiner decisions in patent applications and reexamination proceedings. PTAB administrative adjudication is becoming increasingly important to patent policy, which heavily influences American innovation. Over the last few years the patent board has received numerous challenges, including a few Supreme Court cases.