TOP 150 SCIENCE AND TECHNology ROLES IN GOVERNMENT

The response to our recent open call for contributions helped identify 150 critical S&T roles across the Federal Government and why they matter for the Biden-Harris Administration. The Day One Project is excited to share our crowdsourced list.

Background: Top 150 S&T Roles

 

This list features key science and technology roles from across the Federal Government. Included are career and noncareer appointments, high-level leadership, and overlooked positions—all designed to ensure we capture and elevate the importance of each individual and role as the Administration seeks to implement an ambitious science and technology agenda.

OUR TOP 150 FEDERAL S&T ROLES

 
Department of Agriculture

Department of Agriculture

Secretary of Labor


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary of Labor oversees the enforcement and administration of more than 180 federal employment laws (OSHA, Mine Safety and Health Administration, WIOA) covering 150 million workers and 10 million workplaces. The Secretary serves as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and serves on the Board of Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Fund. The Secretary guides the Labor Department in executing White House initiatives in federal programming for workforce development and international trade agreements, among other labor issues. The Secretary will be a key player in coordinating COVID-19 response on rebuilding S&T workforce, expanding S&T employment opportunities for domestic workforce, introducing new federal programming on labor issues, and implementing international trade agreements.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff plans, directs, and coordinates operational activities and high-level labor strategy to aid the Secretary of Labor. The Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy guidance for DOL on S&T issues.




White House Liaison and Counselor to the Secretary


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The White House Liaison builds the relationship between the DOL and White House and develops and directs human resource functions and operations for appointees within DOL. The Liaison serves as a critical bridge between White House and DOL in developing an S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Policy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Policy advises the Secretary of Labor, Deputy Secretary of Labor, and Department leadership on policy development, program evaluation, regulations, program implementation, data governance, compliance strategies, research, and legislation. The Assistant Secretary will guide DOL strategy on labor policy, including new initiatives on S&T workforce development and innovation policy.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs liaises with federal, state, and local policymakers to promote DOL’s programs and federal labor issues. They assist DOL agency staff in developing effective programs and strategies to meet Department legislative goals and objectives. The Assistant Secretary coordinates federal labor S&T issues with stakeholders from all three legislative levels of government federal, state, and local and serves as a key contact in developing S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training administers core programming under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), such as federal job training and worker dislocation programs, federal grants to states for public employment service programs, and unemployment insurance benefits. The Assistant Secretary serves as a key resource in upskilling the U.S domestic workforce for technical jobs.




Commissioner of Labor Statistics


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Commissioner of Labor Statistics disseminates U.S labor statistics to American public, U.S Congress, federal agencies, state and local governments, businesses, and labor representatives. The Commissioner coordinates with OMB on major data releases. The Commissioner plays a principal fact-finding role on U.S labor statistics, which can inform the administration's innovation policies.




Administrator, Office of Workforce Investment


Career Appointment The Administrator for the Office of Workforce Investment oversees and guides policy on workforce investment systems authorized under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). The Administrator collaborates with other federal agencies, partners, and stakeholders to build a prepared and competitive workforce. The Administrator manages investments strategically to ensure high performance, greater public accountability, and service quality. The Administrator is a critical partner in developing a robust, high-skilled workforce, particularly in STEM fields.





 

Department of Commerce

Director, Office of Policy and Strategic Planning


Noncareer Appointment The Director of the Office of Policy and Strategic Planning oversees the development and implementation of policy throughout the department. Given the vast sweep of the Commerce Department's portfolio, its Policy Director can have substantial influence over a wide array of issues that affect science and technology, including: allocation of spectrum (NTIA), standards development (NIST), export control (BIS), and environmental policy (NOAA), among others.




NIST Director and Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is the federal hub for advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. The NIST Director provides high-level oversight and direction for NIST and will play a key role in setting standards related to AI, QIS and other emerging technologies of the coming years. The NIST Director should be someone with a broad background in science and technology, a history of working effectively with U.S. federal labs, and significant cross-sector and industry leadership experience.




NOAA Administrator and Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator manages the day-to-day functions and the strategic and operational future of NOAA—the nation’s top science agency for climate, oceans, and the atmosphere. The Administrator is integral to executing a coherent federal climate-change policy. The Administrator oversees a $5.6B budget and monitors programmatic functions such as the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service, National Ocean Service, and the National Weather Service. The Administrator needs to have solid scientific rigor, team-building skills, and strategic sensibility to successfully run NOAA.




Deputy NOAA Administrator and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy NOAA Administrator leads a variety of efforts aimed at advancing marine transportation, sustainable seafood, and ocean exploration and mapping. The Deputy Administrator leads NOAA’s support on Indo-Pacific Strategy, Arctic research, operations, and engagement, and the execution of science and technology strategies for AI, unmanned systems, genomics, cloud tech, and citizen science. The Deputy Administrator chairs or co-chairs a variety of interagency bodies including the Coordinating Board for the Committee on the Marine Transportation System and the US Coral Reef Task Force. The Deputy Administrator is a member of the National Science and Technology Council’s Select Committee on AI, the National Security Council’s Policy Coordination Committees on Pacific Island Countries, the Arctic, and Maritime Security, and the Executive Steering Group of the National Space Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing.




Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction, NOAA


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction is responsible for guiding key investments that advance weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, unmanned systems research, and public-private partnerships for a blue economy. The Assistant Secretary is responsible for strategic oversight over spending related to weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, streamlining unmanned systems research for mission areas, and partnership potential for the nation's oceans.




Chief of Staff, NOAA


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff provides direct support to the NOAA Administrator. The Chief of Staff provides the complete range of management functions to the Administrator’s immediate staff of professionals and secretarial employees. They develop plans and oversee policies. major programs of joint effort. Lastly, they direct the functions, hiring, training, and disciplinary actions.




Chief Scientist, NOAA


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is responsible for driving policy and programming for NOAA’s science and technology priorities. This includes a broad research and technology portfolio, ranging from fisheries and marine biology to climate change and satellite instrumentation. The Chief Scientist is also responsible for ensuring that policy decisions are aligned with scientific evidence.




Assistant Administrator, Ocean and Atmospheric Research (OAR), NOAA


Career Appointment The Assistant Administrator oversees OAR, the research and development arm of NOAA and the driving force behind environmental products aimed at protecting life and promoting sustainable economic growth. The Assistant Administrator is responsible for a variety of research enterprises, including a network of laboratories and programs like the Climate Program, Weather Research, and Ocean Exploration.




Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services, NIST


Career Appointment The Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services serves as NIST’s principal executive responsible for partnerships with industry, providing oversight for the key extramural and technology transfer programs of the institute, including the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program; the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership; the Office of Advanced Manufacturing, which coordinates the interagency Manufacturing USA program; and the Technology Partnerships Office, which includes NIST’s Small Business Innovation Research Program. The Associate Director is responsible for enhancing the successful transfer of new technologies from NIST’s research laboratories to commercial markets and for reporting on behalf of the Federal Government impacts from the nation’s more than $150 billion federal investment in research. Lastly, the Associate Director is responsible for coordinating technology transfer policy development and implementation through a network of U.S. federal interagency technology transfer bodies.




Associate Director for Laboratory Programs, NIST


Career Appointment Reporting directly to the NIST Director, the Associate Director for Laboratory Programs manages U.S. measurement infrastructure—all of NIST’s scientific and technology lab programs. They oversee national advanced spectrum and communications test networks (Comms Tech lab), cyber-physical systems like Smart Grid Program Office (Engineering Lab), cybersecurity framework (IT Lab), neutron research and nanoscale science and technology (crucial for SME fabrication methods).





 
 

Department of Defense

Secretary of Labor


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary of Labor oversees the enforcement and administration of more than 180 federal employment laws (OSHA, Mine Safety and Health Administration, WIOA) covering 150 million workers and 10 million workplaces. The Secretary serves as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and serves on the Board of Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Fund. The Secretary guides the Labor Department in executing White House initiatives in federal programming for workforce development and international trade agreements, among other labor issues. The Secretary will be a key player in coordinating COVID-19 response on rebuilding S&T workforce, expanding S&T employment opportunities for domestic workforce, introducing new federal programming on labor issues, and implementing international trade agreements.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff plans, directs, and coordinates operational activities and high-level labor strategy to aid the Secretary of Labor. The Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy guidance for DOL on S&T issues.




White House Liaison and Counselor to the Secretary


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The White House Liaison builds the relationship between the DOL and White House and develops and directs human resource functions and operations for appointees within DOL. The Liaison serves as a critical bridge between White House and DOL in developing an S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Policy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Policy advises the Secretary of Labor, Deputy Secretary of Labor, and Department leadership on policy development, program evaluation, regulations, program implementation, data governance, compliance strategies, research, and legislation. The Assistant Secretary will guide DOL strategy on labor policy, including new initiatives on S&T workforce development and innovation policy.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs liaises with federal, state, and local policymakers to promote DOL’s programs and federal labor issues. They assist DOL agency staff in developing effective programs and strategies to meet Department legislative goals and objectives. The Assistant Secretary coordinates federal labor S&T issues with stakeholders from all three legislative levels of government federal, state, and local and serves as a key contact in developing S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training administers core programming under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), such as federal job training and worker dislocation programs, federal grants to states for public employment service programs, and unemployment insurance benefits. The Assistant Secretary serves as a key resource in upskilling the U.S domestic workforce for technical jobs.




Commissioner of Labor Statistics


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Commissioner of Labor Statistics disseminates U.S labor statistics to American public, U.S Congress, federal agencies, state and local governments, businesses, and labor representatives. The Commissioner coordinates with OMB on major data releases. The Commissioner plays a principal fact-finding role on U.S labor statistics, which can inform the administration's innovation policies.




Administrator, Office of Workforce Investment


Career Appointment The Administrator for the Office of Workforce Investment oversees and guides policy on workforce investment systems authorized under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). The Administrator collaborates with other federal agencies, partners, and stakeholders to build a prepared and competitive workforce. The Administrator manages investments strategically to ensure high performance, greater public accountability, and service quality. The Administrator is a critical partner in developing a robust, high-skilled workforce, particularly in STEM fields.





 

Department of Education

Director, BIomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA)


Career Appointment The BARDA Director oversees a ~$3B budget and plays an integral role in advancing the development of new medical technologies and products. It is an important position because BARDA has lots of flexible authorities and is relatively low on bureaucracy, so projects can be undertaken in an expedient manner. Furthermore, BARDA plays a commandeering role in driving the COVID-19 vaccine research and partnerships. In the wake of the pandemic, the BARDA Director is crucial as more scrutiny will be placed on BARDA to keep the nation prepared for the medical consequences of future catastrophic events.




Director, National Institutes of Health (NIH)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation Setting the agency priorities, the NIH Director drives biomedical science and the policy of science funding at the NIH. The Director must be a medical science expert that can work at the frontiers of biomedical research. Furthermore, the Director must understand and collaborate with the broad constituent base of the scientific and medical community. Moreover, the Director’s management style undoubtedly has ripple effects throughout the agency. Across the agency and its 27 institutes, the Director has the freedom to give input on every major decision made or the Director can run the NIH with a more federated approach, which gives more agenda-setting power to the 27 institute directors. The Director can directly drive and influence agency S&T priorities by leveraging the Common Fund to fund a range of cutting-edge, interdisciplinary, high-risk research in collaboration with any of the NIH institutes. As the leader of the nation’s primary health research agency, the Director can dramatically affect the quality of America's response to the COVID-19 pandemic and recovery going forward.




Director, National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH


Presidential Appointment The NCI Director should have a strong cancer research background, along with a balanced mix of research, administrative and entrepreneurial experience. NCI has a budget of $6.4B, but the NCI Director must have strong interpersonal and communication skills that can be leveraged to work with stakeholders such as Congress.




Deputy Director for Program Planning, Coordination, and Strategic Initiatives (DPCPSI), NIH


Career Appointment The DPSCPI Director is a key position at NIH to advance innovative funding policies, including challenges, common funds, and others. The Deputy Director leads the DPCPSI in identifying emerging scientific opportunities, public health challenges, and scientific knowledge gaps that merit further research. Furthermore, the Deputy Director plans and implements trans-NIH initiatives supported by the Common Fund and coordinates research related to AIDS, behavioral and social sciences, women's health, disease prevention, dietary supplements, sexual and gender minorities, tribal health, and research infrastructure.




Deputy Director for Extramural Research, NIH


Career Appointment The Deputy Director for Extramural Research serves as the principal scientific leader and advisor to the Director of the NIH on all matters relating to the substance, quality, and effectiveness of the NIH extramural research program and administration. Furthermore, they lead and support the development of innovative initiatives, program and grants management policy and processes, and the small business and extramural technology development programs.




Deputy Director for Science Policy and Outreach, NIH


Career Appointment The Deputy Director for Science Policy and Outreach is responsible for creating major new strategic and scientific initiatives for NIH. Furthermore, the Deputy Director directs the agency’s efforts to advance biomedical research through policy development, public and stakeholder communication and education, and innovative projects and partnerships. This role has been vacant since 2017.




Deputy Director for Intramural Research, NIH


Career Appointment The Deputy Director for Intramural Research coordinates activities and facilitates cooperation among the 27 Institute-based and Center-based Scientific Directors to achieve the scientific, training, and public health missions of the NIH Intramural Research Program. The Deputy Director provides guidance for the entire intramural program and reports to the NIH Director. They oversee and ultimately approve the hiring of all NIH principal investigators, and they are the institutional official responsible for human subjects research protections, research integrity, technology transfer, and animal care and use at the NIH.




Chief of Staff, Office of the Director, NIH


Career Appointment The Chief of Staff assists the NIH Director in their agenda-setting initiatives across the NIH’s 27 Institutes and Centers. The Chief of Staff is a crucial coordinating and support role for the NIH Director.




Director, Office of Strategic Coordination (OSC), NIH


Career Appointment The OSC Director directly oversees all the Common Fund funding, which funds a range of cutting-edge, interdisciplinary, high-risk research that can involve collaboration with any of the NIH institutes. Furthermore, OSC is the central management hub for all the Common Fund programs.




National Coordinator for Health IT


Noncareer Appointment The Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) is the principal federal entity charged with coordination of nationwide efforts to implement and use the most advanced health information technology and the electronic exchange of health information. The ONC has tremendous influence over how digital technologies including electronic health records are rolled out across the American health care system. The National Coordinator sets policy priorities, guides development and implementation of policy, and chooses and oversees advisory boards. The rules the National Coordinator helps set affect safety, privacy, cost, efficiency and user-friendliness of technologies at the core of how we experience health care in the digital world. They must understand the healthcare system as a whole (not just prioritizing the interests of hospitals and large healthcare organizations), understand technology and data standards, be committed to balancing patient privacy with scientific and clinical value, and be forward-thinking about the evolution and intersection of clinical care, public health, self-care, and clinical research.





 

Department of Energy

Chief Information Officer


Career Appointment The CIO leads the FTC’s Data Governance Board as the Chief Data Officer. Furthermore, the CIO manages policies related to information technology (IT) investments that comply with federal laws, secure integrated end-to-end agency IT, and implement modernization efforts via internet-based technologies. Data governance standards at the FTC are likely to serve as a model for other, less-technically inclined agencies, especially considering the volume of data processed through FTC.




Chief Technologist


Schedule C Appointment The Chief Technologist serves as the Chairman’s principal source of evolving technology, privacy, and data security issues. The Chief Technologist seeks to innovate the FTC’s use of technology, examine the technical aspects of law enforcement actions, and make technology policy recommendations to the FTC.




Director, Technology and Enforcement Division


Career Appointment The Director oversees the Technology and Enforcement Division’s efforts to monitor competition and investigate potentially anticompetitive digital technology markets, such as online platforms, digital advertising, social networking, software, operating systems, and streaming services. The Director ensures that companies are operating pursuant to antitrust laws. Lastly, the Director works with other Commission staff, including technologists, to develop a deep understanding of some unique features of complex, dynamic digital markets.





 

Department of Health and Human Services

Director, BIomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA)


Career Appointment The BARDA Director oversees a ~$3B budget and plays an integral role in advancing the development of new medical technologies and products. It is an important position because BARDA has lots of flexible authorities and is relatively low on bureaucracy, so projects can be undertaken in an expedient manner. Furthermore, BARDA plays a commandeering role in driving the COVID-19 vaccine research and partnerships. In the wake of the pandemic, the BARDA Director is crucial as more scrutiny will be placed on BARDA to keep the nation prepared for the medical consequences of future catastrophic events.




Director, National Institutes of Health (NIH)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation Setting the agency priorities, the NIH Director drives biomedical science and the policy of science funding at the NIH. The Director must be a medical science expert that can work at the frontiers of biomedical research. Furthermore, the Director must understand and collaborate with the broad constituent base of the scientific and medical community. Moreover, the Director’s management style undoubtedly has ripple effects throughout the agency. Across the agency and its 27 institutes, the Director has the freedom to give input on every major decision made or the Director can run the NIH with a more federated approach, which gives more agenda-setting power to the 27 institute directors. The Director can directly drive and influence agency S&T priorities by leveraging the Common Fund to fund a range of cutting-edge, interdisciplinary, high-risk research in collaboration with any of the NIH institutes. As the leader of the nation’s primary health research agency, the Director can dramatically affect the quality of America's response to the COVID-19 pandemic and recovery going forward.




Director, National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH


Presidential Appointment The NCI Director should have a strong cancer research background, along with a balanced mix of research, administrative and entrepreneurial experience. NCI has a budget of $6.4B, but the NCI Director must have strong interpersonal and communication skills that can be leveraged to work with stakeholders such as Congress.




Deputy Director for Program Planning, Coordination, and Strategic Initiatives (DPCPSI), NIH


Career Appointment The DPSCPI Director is a key position at NIH to advance innovative funding policies, including challenges, common funds, and others. The Deputy Director leads the DPCPSI in identifying emerging scientific opportunities, public health challenges, and scientific knowledge gaps that merit further research. Furthermore, the Deputy Director plans and implements trans-NIH initiatives supported by the Common Fund and coordinates research related to AIDS, behavioral and social sciences, women's health, disease prevention, dietary supplements, sexual and gender minorities, tribal health, and research infrastructure.




Deputy Director for Extramural Research, NIH


Career Appointment The Deputy Director for Extramural Research serves as the principal scientific leader and advisor to the Director of the NIH on all matters relating to the substance, quality, and effectiveness of the NIH extramural research program and administration. Furthermore, they lead and support the development of innovative initiatives, program and grants management policy and processes, and the small business and extramural technology development programs.




Deputy Director for Science Policy and Outreach, NIH


Career Appointment The Deputy Director for Science Policy and Outreach is responsible for creating major new strategic and scientific initiatives for NIH. Furthermore, the Deputy Director directs the agency’s efforts to advance biomedical research through policy development, public and stakeholder communication and education, and innovative projects and partnerships. This role has been vacant since 2017.




Deputy Director for Intramural Research, NIH


Career Appointment The Deputy Director for Intramural Research coordinates activities and facilitates cooperation among the 27 Institute-based and Center-based Scientific Directors to achieve the scientific, training, and public health missions of the NIH Intramural Research Program. The Deputy Director provides guidance for the entire intramural program and reports to the NIH Director. They oversee and ultimately approve the hiring of all NIH principal investigators, and they are the institutional official responsible for human subjects research protections, research integrity, technology transfer, and animal care and use at the NIH.




Chief of Staff, Office of the Director, NIH


Career Appointment The Chief of Staff assists the NIH Director in their agenda-setting initiatives across the NIH’s 27 Institutes and Centers. The Chief of Staff is a crucial coordinating and support role for the NIH Director.




Director, Office of Strategic Coordination (OSC), NIH


Career Appointment The OSC Director directly oversees all the Common Fund funding, which funds a range of cutting-edge, interdisciplinary, high-risk research that can involve collaboration with any of the NIH institutes. Furthermore, OSC is the central management hub for all the Common Fund programs.




National Coordinator for Health IT


Noncareer Appointment The Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) is the principal federal entity charged with coordination of nationwide efforts to implement and use the most advanced health information technology and the electronic exchange of health information. The ONC has tremendous influence over how digital technologies including electronic health records are rolled out across the American health care system. The National Coordinator sets policy priorities, guides development and implementation of policy, and chooses and oversees advisory boards. The rules the National Coordinator helps set affect safety, privacy, cost, efficiency and user-friendliness of technologies at the core of how we experience health care in the digital world. They must understand the healthcare system as a whole (not just prioritizing the interests of hospitals and large healthcare organizations), understand technology and data standards, be committed to balancing patient privacy with scientific and clinical value, and be forward-thinking about the evolution and intersection of clinical care, public health, self-care, and clinical research.





 

Department of Homeland Security

Under Secretary for Science and Technology


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Under Secretary manages the science and technology (S&T) mission capabilities at DHS including borders and maritime security, chemical and biological defense, critical infrastructure and resilience, cybersecurity, explosives, and expanding first responder capabilities. The Under Secretary oversees all science and technology research and development throughout the entire department. This position reports directly to the Secretary of DHS and engages with all DHS Components to ensure that technical advances are integrated into all its mission areas. The S&T Directorate provides support to all national First Responders, engagement with international partners involved in non-military homeland security, and coordination with U.S national intelligence agencies. The Under Secretary oversees all S&T for the entire Department and is responsible for support to acquisition of advanced technology to all non-military national security across the federal government. The Under Secretary is also responsible for ensuring local and state first responders have access to the latest scientific and technical advances. The Undersecretary serves as the Chief Technology Advisor to the Secretary of DHS, and routinely participates in the DHS advisory council consisting of the heads of all DHS Components. The Director of the Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency also reports to this role.




Director, Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency (HSARPA)


Noncareer Appointment This Director runs an organization generally consisting of four or five divisions, each led by senior executive service members and containing several scientific and technical senior experts (S&T positions) as well as program managers, staff, and contractor support personnel. This agency in the past has had a budget up to $1B, but it has been significantly reduced over the past decade. The divisions within the agencies are responsible for evaluation of scientific advances and direct contractual support to organizations developing technology in DHS priority areas such as chemical and biological defense, explosives/hazards detection, cybersecurity, and more. Selected by the Undersecretary for S&T and appointed by the Secretary of DHS, this position should be filled by a senior scientific or technical expert, with considerable experience running organizations composed of scientific/technical program managers, with a sizable R&D budget. This position requires a rare deep understanding of a broad range of scientific/technical areas, from chemistry and physics, to cyber systems and national defense. This position routinely testifies before Congress, engages with OMB, and coordinates with the intelligence community. The position also involves significant policy experience and routinely engages with OSTP, DOD, DOE, and FBI. A successful HSARPA Director must be both a leader and a good manager of high-level teams, responsible for hiring expert program managers, capable of understanding complex scientific and technical information across an exceptionally broad range of areas, and an effective manager of the federal budget process. The Director must lead a "team of teams'', encouraging and facilitating coordination and cooperation across diverse technical teams, and lead by encouragement of the best outcome rather than dictating specific tasks. It is likely that the best qualified candidate would be a Ph.D. scientist with extensive experience in running large organizations, managing a multi-million dollar budget, and routine, effective engagement with multiple outside entities, including similar international organizations.




Director, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director oversees the strategic direction of 20,000 people in 10 regional offices dedicated to ensuring effective disaster management. They are responsible for effective responses to Presidential and state governor’s requests for assistance, providing on-the-ground recovery assistance and coordinating with the Small Business Administration.




Assistant Secretary and Chief Medical Officer


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Secretary and Chief Medical Officer leads efforts to help communities nationwide prepare for a chemical or biological attack, and build their capacity to respond and recover. The responsibilities include anticipating the public health impact of biological attacks, chemical releases, pandemics and infectious disease threats, and disasters to prepare the nation to respond and rebound. They also play an important role in informing federal, state, and local decision making about high consequence biological threats with biosurveillance programs that provide early warnings for a rapid response to contain and limit the impact. The Chief Medical Officer plays a key role in combating the COVID-19 pandemic and preparing for future outbreaks. This role should be filled with a person with deep expertise in both medical and chemical and biological defense areas.




Chief Scientist


Noncareer Appointment The Chief Scientist acts as a department-wide asset in providing scientific advice in policy development and policy implementation. The Chief Scientist acts as the “Scientific Integrity Officer” across DHS. They are also DHS’s liaison to the Advisory Board, which reported to the Secretary on the impacts of emerging technology on homeland security. The Chief Scientist position is selected by the Undersecretary for Science and Technology and is confirmed by the Secretary of DHS. To be effective in the position, the Chief Scientist possesses both broad and deep scientific and technical experience, and can engage with high-level scientific and technical personnel within DHS and throughout the Federal Government. The Chief Scientist typically serves on National Science & Technology Council Committees and sub-committees, and routinely engages with scientific leadership from NSF, DOE, NIH, and DOD.





 

Department of Interior

Director, U.S. Geological Survey


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is the nation's largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. The Director oversees the collection, monitoring, and analysis of natural resource conditions, issues, and problems, and supervises scientists who develop new methods and tools to supply timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes. The Director serves as one of the federal government’s leaders in basic research regarding our natural world. The Director is ideally someone that is well-versed in science and can effectively work with career scientists.




Chief Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey


Career Appointment The Chief Scientist is the top scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey, the largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change, charged with collecting, monitoring, and analyzing natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The Chief Scientist works directly with, and reports directly to, the agency’s Director, helping to ensure that they have the scientific information they need to undertake these core functions. The Chief Scientist also serves as the USGS Executive Science Liaison within DOI and with other Federal agencies.




Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior is the top scientist in the Department, providing expert insights into all decisions requiring scientific expertise. The Science Advisor helps advise on all the Secretary’s key policy and management decisions, offering the best scientific information available across all the Department’s areas of oversight. The Science Advisor should have extensive and varied knowledge across scientific disciplines and be well versed in topics related to the Interior including the national parks and their inhabitants, land use, and the country’s natural resources.




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Noncareer Appointment The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency dedicated to fish and wildlife management and conservation. The Director, among their many functions, oversees the application of scientific information and research to the management and recovery of endangered species; the administration of National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; and the management of migratory birds. It is imperative that this position be filled by someone who understands and appreciates science, which is the cornerstone of good wildlife conservation and management. By statute, the Fish and Wildlife Service director must be knowledgeable in the principles of fisheries and wildlife management, through scientific education and experience [6 U.S.C. 742(b)].




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. National Park Service


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Director of the U.S. National Park Service is the scientist who provides scientific input to policy and operations for leadership in the National Park Service. The Science Advisor is a working scientist who reports to the Service’s Director, providing daily advice, leads special science initiatives and serving as an advisor on all research and policy related activities. The U.S. National Park Service is a resource management agency that uses science to protect the country’s 423 national parks and conserve the national parks’ natural and cultural resources.





 

Department of Justice

Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs oversees the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, and Bureau of Political-Military Affairs. Whoever sits in this position plays a central role in achieving consensus over coordinating emerging technologies’ export controls and START negotiations.




Assistant Secretary of State for Economic & Business Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary oversees the Bureau of Economic & Business Affairs (EB). EB has historically handled biotechnology issues related to agriculture. EB is well-positioned for leading proactive engagement on setting international technical standards. EB plays an important role in advancing the global digital economy towards a more open, interoperable, and secure internet.




Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Science and Technology Adviser oversees the Department’s primary body for independent science and technology advising. This position anticipates science, technology, and innovation research, development, and discoveries emerging from the high-tech and private sector. They build S&T capacity within the State Department and they engage the S&T enterprise on behalf of the State Department. International S&T collaboration heavily depends on this adviser.




Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary oversees the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES). The Assistant Secretary leads international leadership on oceans, environment, science, space, and health. The Assistant Secretary represents the Department of State at meetings with commissions and various other groups from nations across the globe, working toward the creation of partnerships, initiatives, agreements, and treaties that will enable sustainable development and economic growth. The Assistant Secretary should seek to maximize OES’ impact and ensure that OES does not duplicate work from other S&T offices within the State Department.




Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs oversees the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, and Bureau of Political-Military Affairs. These offices have a deep bench of scientific experience. These offices focus on security issues and thus have tight coordination with the Department of Defense, especially on emerging technology issues. Whoever sits in this position plays a central role in achieving consensus over coordinating emerging technologies’ export controls and START negotiations.




Ambassador at Large and U.S. Global Aids Coordinator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Coordinator leads and manages the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), with a sizable budget through which a large amount of the Department’s public health engagement is done. The State Department’s engagement with other countries' health systems has often been funded through PEPFAR, and thus this could be an increasingly important office in the COVID response and recovery.




Assistant Secretary of State for Energy Resources


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary oversees the Bureau of Energy Resources (ENR), which is responsible for international energy security. Historically, ENR has handled nonrenewables such as oil and coal, but the office could be a powerful force for promoting sustainable energy practices and the Administration’s climate agenda worldwide if it were to include clean energy options into its portfolio.




Coordinator for Cyber Issues


Noncareer Appointment The Coordinator for Cyber Issues leads diplomatic efforts with foreign counterparts on cyber issues and sets the strategy for international cyber policy. They serve as the State Department’s liaison to the White House and agencies on cyber-related affairs, ensuring that U.S. foreign policy positions on cross-cutting cyber issues are synchronized across the Federal Government. After being vacant during the majority of the Trump Administration, this position might be reimagined in the recently created Bureau of Cyberspace Security and Emerging Technologies (CSET).





 

Department of Labor

Secretary of Labor


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary of Labor oversees the enforcement and administration of more than 180 federal employment laws (OSHA, Mine Safety and Health Administration, WIOA) covering 150 million workers and 10 million workplaces. The Secretary serves as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and serves on the Board of Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Fund. The Secretary guides the Labor Department in executing White House initiatives in federal programming for workforce development and international trade agreements, among other labor issues. The Secretary will be a key player in coordinating COVID-19 response on rebuilding S&T workforce, expanding S&T employment opportunities for domestic workforce, introducing new federal programming on labor issues, and implementing international trade agreements.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff plans, directs, and coordinates operational activities and high-level labor strategy to aid the Secretary of Labor. The Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy guidance for DOL on S&T issues.




White House Liaison and Counselor to the Secretary


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The White House Liaison builds the relationship between the DOL and White House and develops and directs human resource functions and operations for appointees within DOL. The Liaison serves as a critical bridge between White House and DOL in developing an S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Policy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Policy advises the Secretary of Labor, Deputy Secretary of Labor, and Department leadership on policy development, program evaluation, regulations, program implementation, data governance, compliance strategies, research, and legislation. The Assistant Secretary will guide DOL strategy on labor policy, including new initiatives on S&T workforce development and innovation policy.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs liaises with federal, state, and local policymakers to promote DOL’s programs and federal labor issues. They assist DOL agency staff in developing effective programs and strategies to meet Department legislative goals and objectives. The Assistant Secretary coordinates federal labor S&T issues with stakeholders from all three legislative levels of government federal, state, and local and serves as a key contact in developing S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training administers core programming under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), such as federal job training and worker dislocation programs, federal grants to states for public employment service programs, and unemployment insurance benefits. The Assistant Secretary serves as a key resource in upskilling the U.S domestic workforce for technical jobs.




Commissioner of Labor Statistics


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Commissioner of Labor Statistics disseminates U.S labor statistics to American public, U.S Congress, federal agencies, state and local governments, businesses, and labor representatives. The Commissioner coordinates with OMB on major data releases. The Commissioner plays a principal fact-finding role on U.S labor statistics, which can inform the administration's innovation policies.




Administrator, Office of Workforce Investment


Career Appointment The Administrator for the Office of Workforce Investment oversees and guides policy on workforce investment systems authorized under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). The Administrator collaborates with other federal agencies, partners, and stakeholders to build a prepared and competitive workforce. The Administrator manages investments strategically to ensure high performance, greater public accountability, and service quality. The Administrator is a critical partner in developing a robust, high-skilled workforce, particularly in STEM fields.





 

Department of State

Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs oversees the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, and Bureau of Political-Military Affairs. Whoever sits in this position plays a central role in achieving consensus over coordinating emerging technologies’ export controls and START negotiations.




Assistant Secretary of State for Economic & Business Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary oversees the Bureau of Economic & Business Affairs (EB). EB has historically handled biotechnology issues related to agriculture. EB is well-positioned for leading proactive engagement on setting international technical standards. EB plays an important role in advancing the global digital economy towards a more open, interoperable, and secure internet.




Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Science and Technology Adviser oversees the Department’s primary body for independent science and technology advising. This position anticipates science, technology, and innovation research, development, and discoveries emerging from the high-tech and private sector. They build S&T capacity within the State Department and they engage the S&T enterprise on behalf of the State Department. International S&T collaboration heavily depends on this adviser.




Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary oversees the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES). The Assistant Secretary leads international leadership on oceans, environment, science, space, and health. The Assistant Secretary represents the Department of State at meetings with commissions and various other groups from nations across the globe, working toward the creation of partnerships, initiatives, agreements, and treaties that will enable sustainable development and economic growth. The Assistant Secretary should seek to maximize OES’ impact and ensure that OES does not duplicate work from other S&T offices within the State Department.




Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs oversees the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, and Bureau of Political-Military Affairs. These offices have a deep bench of scientific experience. These offices focus on security issues and thus have tight coordination with the Department of Defense, especially on emerging technology issues. Whoever sits in this position plays a central role in achieving consensus over coordinating emerging technologies’ export controls and START negotiations.




Ambassador at Large and U.S. Global Aids Coordinator


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Coordinator leads and manages the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), with a sizable budget through which a large amount of the Department’s public health engagement is done. The State Department’s engagement with other countries' health systems has often been funded through PEPFAR, and thus this could be an increasingly important office in the COVID response and recovery.




Assistant Secretary of State for Energy Resources


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary oversees the Bureau of Energy Resources (ENR), which is responsible for international energy security. Historically, ENR has handled nonrenewables such as oil and coal, but the office could be a powerful force for promoting sustainable energy practices and the Administration’s climate agenda worldwide if it were to include clean energy options into its portfolio.




Coordinator for Cyber Issues


Noncareer Appointment The Coordinator for Cyber Issues leads diplomatic efforts with foreign counterparts on cyber issues and sets the strategy for international cyber policy. They serve as the State Department’s liaison to the White House and agencies on cyber-related affairs, ensuring that U.S. foreign policy positions on cross-cutting cyber issues are synchronized across the Federal Government. After being vacant during the majority of the Trump Administration, this position might be reimagined in the recently created Bureau of Cyberspace Security and Emerging Technologies (CSET).





 

Department of Transportation

Director, U.S. Geological Survey


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is the nation's largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. The Director oversees the collection, monitoring, and analysis of natural resource conditions, issues, and problems, and supervises scientists who develop new methods and tools to supply timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes. The Director serves as one of the federal government’s leaders in basic research regarding our natural world. The Director is ideally someone that is well-versed in science and can effectively work with career scientists.




Chief Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey


Career Appointment The Chief Scientist is the top scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey, the largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change, charged with collecting, monitoring, and analyzing natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The Chief Scientist works directly with, and reports directly to, the agency’s Director, helping to ensure that they have the scientific information they need to undertake these core functions. The Chief Scientist also serves as the USGS Executive Science Liaison within DOI and with other Federal agencies.




Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior is the top scientist in the Department, providing expert insights into all decisions requiring scientific expertise. The Science Advisor helps advise on all the Secretary’s key policy and management decisions, offering the best scientific information available across all the Department’s areas of oversight. The Science Advisor should have extensive and varied knowledge across scientific disciplines and be well versed in topics related to the Interior including the national parks and their inhabitants, land use, and the country’s natural resources.




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Noncareer Appointment The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency dedicated to fish and wildlife management and conservation. The Director, among their many functions, oversees the application of scientific information and research to the management and recovery of endangered species; the administration of National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; and the management of migratory birds. It is imperative that this position be filled by someone who understands and appreciates science, which is the cornerstone of good wildlife conservation and management. By statute, the Fish and Wildlife Service director must be knowledgeable in the principles of fisheries and wildlife management, through scientific education and experience [6 U.S.C. 742(b)].




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. National Park Service


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Director of the U.S. National Park Service is the scientist who provides scientific input to policy and operations for leadership in the National Park Service. The Science Advisor is a working scientist who reports to the Service’s Director, providing daily advice, leads special science initiatives and serving as an advisor on all research and policy related activities. The U.S. National Park Service is a resource management agency that uses science to protect the country’s 423 national parks and conserve the national parks’ natural and cultural resources.





 

Environmental Protection Agency

Director, U.S. Geological Survey


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is the nation's largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. The Director oversees the collection, monitoring, and analysis of natural resource conditions, issues, and problems, and supervises scientists who develop new methods and tools to supply timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes. The Director serves as one of the federal government’s leaders in basic research regarding our natural world. The Director is ideally someone that is well-versed in science and can effectively work with career scientists.




Chief Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey


Career Appointment The Chief Scientist is the top scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey, the largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change, charged with collecting, monitoring, and analyzing natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The Chief Scientist works directly with, and reports directly to, the agency’s Director, helping to ensure that they have the scientific information they need to undertake these core functions. The Chief Scientist also serves as the USGS Executive Science Liaison within DOI and with other Federal agencies.




Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior is the top scientist in the Department, providing expert insights into all decisions requiring scientific expertise. The Science Advisor helps advise on all the Secretary’s key policy and management decisions, offering the best scientific information available across all the Department’s areas of oversight. The Science Advisor should have extensive and varied knowledge across scientific disciplines and be well versed in topics related to the Interior including the national parks and their inhabitants, land use, and the country’s natural resources.




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Noncareer Appointment The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency dedicated to fish and wildlife management and conservation. The Director, among their many functions, oversees the application of scientific information and research to the management and recovery of endangered species; the administration of National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; and the management of migratory birds. It is imperative that this position be filled by someone who understands and appreciates science, which is the cornerstone of good wildlife conservation and management. By statute, the Fish and Wildlife Service director must be knowledgeable in the principles of fisheries and wildlife management, through scientific education and experience [6 U.S.C. 742(b)].




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. National Park Service


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Director of the U.S. National Park Service is the scientist who provides scientific input to policy and operations for leadership in the National Park Service. The Science Advisor is a working scientist who reports to the Service’s Director, providing daily advice, leads special science initiatives and serving as an advisor on all research and policy related activities. The U.S. National Park Service is a resource management agency that uses science to protect the country’s 423 national parks and conserve the national parks’ natural and cultural resources.





 

Federal Communications Commission

Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff directly supports the FCC Chair in managing priorities and plays a major coordinating and strategic role. With the trust of the FCC Chair, the Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy development of critical S&T issues such as Section 230 reform, spectrum management, 5G rollout, and closing the homework gap.




Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The OET Chief oversees the FCC’s Policy and Rules Division, Electromagnetic Compatibility Division, and Laboratory Division and manages spectrum and leadership for competitive technologies and services. The OET Chief drives innovation within the FCC through managing the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices. The OET Chief provides the technical knowledge to guide the FCC in decisions about requirements for networks, such as net neutrality. The OET Chief also plays a significant role in convening the Technological Advisory Council for experts’ advice on technology developments.




Deputy Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology (OET)


Career Appointment The Deputy OET Chief supports the OET Chief, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. The OET Deputy Chief advises and participates in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The OET Deputy Chief influences innovation within the FCC because they manage the Experimental Licensing program and the Equipment Authorization program, which develops technical regulations for the operation of unlicensed devices.




Chief Technology Officer


Career Appointment The CTO serves as the senior technological adviser at the FCC, providing technical support to the Chairman, Commissioners, FCC Bureaus, and Offices. They advise and participate in proceedings on spectrum management, emerging technologies and technical standards. The CTO leads and conducts engineering and technical analysis, testing equipment to determine its interference risks and technical operating parameters, while developing projects to gather theoretical and experimental data on new technologies. The CTO often coordinates with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Past CTOs have spearheaded initiatives on Open Internet, robocalls and public safety issues. The CTO needs to be a technologist with broad research experience, who can effectively promote 5G services, rural network buildouts, and other network enhancements.





 

Federal Trade Commission

Director, Office of Policy and Strategic Planning


Noncareer Appointment The Director of the Office of Policy and Strategic Planning oversees the development and implementation of policy throughout the department. Given the vast sweep of the Commerce Department's portfolio, its Policy Director can have substantial influence over a wide array of issues that affect science and technology, including: allocation of spectrum (NTIA), standards development (NIST), export control (BIS), and environmental policy (NOAA), among others.




NIST Director and Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is the federal hub for advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. The NIST Director provides high-level oversight and direction for NIST and will play a key role in setting standards related to AI, QIS and other emerging technologies of the coming years. The NIST Director should be someone with a broad background in science and technology, a history of working effectively with U.S. federal labs, and significant cross-sector and industry leadership experience.




NOAA Administrator and Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator manages the day-to-day functions and the strategic and operational future of NOAA—the nation’s top science agency for climate, oceans, and the atmosphere. The Administrator is integral to executing a coherent federal climate-change policy. The Administrator oversees a $5.6B budget and monitors programmatic functions such as the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service, National Ocean Service, and the National Weather Service. The Administrator needs to have solid scientific rigor, team-building skills, and strategic sensibility to successfully run NOAA.




Deputy NOAA Administrator and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy NOAA Administrator leads a variety of efforts aimed at advancing marine transportation, sustainable seafood, and ocean exploration and mapping. The Deputy Administrator leads NOAA’s support on Indo-Pacific Strategy, Arctic research, operations, and engagement, and the execution of science and technology strategies for AI, unmanned systems, genomics, cloud tech, and citizen science. The Deputy Administrator chairs or co-chairs a variety of interagency bodies including the Coordinating Board for the Committee on the Marine Transportation System and the US Coral Reef Task Force. The Deputy Administrator is a member of the National Science and Technology Council’s Select Committee on AI, the National Security Council’s Policy Coordination Committees on Pacific Island Countries, the Arctic, and Maritime Security, and the Executive Steering Group of the National Space Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing.




Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction, NOAA


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction is responsible for guiding key investments that advance weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, unmanned systems research, and public-private partnerships for a blue economy. The Assistant Secretary is responsible for strategic oversight over spending related to weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, streamlining unmanned systems research for mission areas, and partnership potential for the nation's oceans.




Chief of Staff, NOAA


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff provides direct support to the NOAA Administrator. The Chief of Staff provides the complete range of management functions to the Administrator’s immediate staff of professionals and secretarial employees. They develop plans and oversee policies. major programs of joint effort. Lastly, they direct the functions, hiring, training, and disciplinary actions.




Chief Scientist, NOAA


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is responsible for driving policy and programming for NOAA’s science and technology priorities. This includes a broad research and technology portfolio, ranging from fisheries and marine biology to climate change and satellite instrumentation. The Chief Scientist is also responsible for ensuring that policy decisions are aligned with scientific evidence.




Assistant Administrator, Ocean and Atmospheric Research (OAR), NOAA


Career Appointment The Assistant Administrator oversees OAR, the research and development arm of NOAA and the driving force behind environmental products aimed at protecting life and promoting sustainable economic growth. The Assistant Administrator is responsible for a variety of research enterprises, including a network of laboratories and programs like the Climate Program, Weather Research, and Ocean Exploration.




Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services, NIST


Career Appointment The Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services serves as NIST’s principal executive responsible for partnerships with industry, providing oversight for the key extramural and technology transfer programs of the institute, including the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program; the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership; the Office of Advanced Manufacturing, which coordinates the interagency Manufacturing USA program; and the Technology Partnerships Office, which includes NIST’s Small Business Innovation Research Program. The Associate Director is responsible for enhancing the successful transfer of new technologies from NIST’s research laboratories to commercial markets and for reporting on behalf of the Federal Government impacts from the nation’s more than $150 billion federal investment in research. Lastly, the Associate Director is responsible for coordinating technology transfer policy development and implementation through a network of U.S. federal interagency technology transfer bodies.




Associate Director for Laboratory Programs, NIST


Career Appointment Reporting directly to the NIST Director, the Associate Director for Laboratory Programs manages U.S. measurement infrastructure—all of NIST’s scientific and technology lab programs. They oversee national advanced spectrum and communications test networks (Comms Tech lab), cyber-physical systems like Smart Grid Program Office (Engineering Lab), cybersecurity framework (IT Lab), neutron research and nanoscale science and technology (crucial for SME fabrication methods).





 

National Aeronautics and Aerospace Administration

Director, Office of Policy and Strategic Planning


Noncareer Appointment The Director of the Office of Policy and Strategic Planning oversees the development and implementation of policy throughout the department. Given the vast sweep of the Commerce Department's portfolio, its Policy Director can have substantial influence over a wide array of issues that affect science and technology, including: allocation of spectrum (NTIA), standards development (NIST), export control (BIS), and environmental policy (NOAA), among others.




NIST Director and Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is the federal hub for advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. The NIST Director provides high-level oversight and direction for NIST and will play a key role in setting standards related to AI, QIS and other emerging technologies of the coming years. The NIST Director should be someone with a broad background in science and technology, a history of working effectively with U.S. federal labs, and significant cross-sector and industry leadership experience.




NOAA Administrator and Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator manages the day-to-day functions and the strategic and operational future of NOAA—the nation’s top science agency for climate, oceans, and the atmosphere. The Administrator is integral to executing a coherent federal climate-change policy. The Administrator oversees a $5.6B budget and monitors programmatic functions such as the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service, National Ocean Service, and the National Weather Service. The Administrator needs to have solid scientific rigor, team-building skills, and strategic sensibility to successfully run NOAA.




Deputy NOAA Administrator and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy NOAA Administrator leads a variety of efforts aimed at advancing marine transportation, sustainable seafood, and ocean exploration and mapping. The Deputy Administrator leads NOAA’s support on Indo-Pacific Strategy, Arctic research, operations, and engagement, and the execution of science and technology strategies for AI, unmanned systems, genomics, cloud tech, and citizen science. The Deputy Administrator chairs or co-chairs a variety of interagency bodies including the Coordinating Board for the Committee on the Marine Transportation System and the US Coral Reef Task Force. The Deputy Administrator is a member of the National Science and Technology Council’s Select Committee on AI, the National Security Council’s Policy Coordination Committees on Pacific Island Countries, the Arctic, and Maritime Security, and the Executive Steering Group of the National Space Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing.




Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction, NOAA


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction is responsible for guiding key investments that advance weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, unmanned systems research, and public-private partnerships for a blue economy. The Assistant Secretary is responsible for strategic oversight over spending related to weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, streamlining unmanned systems research for mission areas, and partnership potential for the nation's oceans.




Chief of Staff, NOAA


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff provides direct support to the NOAA Administrator. The Chief of Staff provides the complete range of management functions to the Administrator’s immediate staff of professionals and secretarial employees. They develop plans and oversee policies. major programs of joint effort. Lastly, they direct the functions, hiring, training, and disciplinary actions.




Chief Scientist, NOAA


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is responsible for driving policy and programming for NOAA’s science and technology priorities. This includes a broad research and technology portfolio, ranging from fisheries and marine biology to climate change and satellite instrumentation. The Chief Scientist is also responsible for ensuring that policy decisions are aligned with scientific evidence.




Assistant Administrator, Ocean and Atmospheric Research (OAR), NOAA


Career Appointment The Assistant Administrator oversees OAR, the research and development arm of NOAA and the driving force behind environmental products aimed at protecting life and promoting sustainable economic growth. The Assistant Administrator is responsible for a variety of research enterprises, including a network of laboratories and programs like the Climate Program, Weather Research, and Ocean Exploration.




Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services, NIST


Career Appointment The Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services serves as NIST’s principal executive responsible for partnerships with industry, providing oversight for the key extramural and technology transfer programs of the institute, including the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program; the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership; the Office of Advanced Manufacturing, which coordinates the interagency Manufacturing USA program; and the Technology Partnerships Office, which includes NIST’s Small Business Innovation Research Program. The Associate Director is responsible for enhancing the successful transfer of new technologies from NIST’s research laboratories to commercial markets and for reporting on behalf of the Federal Government impacts from the nation’s more than $150 billion federal investment in research. Lastly, the Associate Director is responsible for coordinating technology transfer policy development and implementation through a network of U.S. federal interagency technology transfer bodies.




Associate Director for Laboratory Programs, NIST


Career Appointment Reporting directly to the NIST Director, the Associate Director for Laboratory Programs manages U.S. measurement infrastructure—all of NIST’s scientific and technology lab programs. They oversee national advanced spectrum and communications test networks (Comms Tech lab), cyber-physical systems like Smart Grid Program Office (Engineering Lab), cybersecurity framework (IT Lab), neutron research and nanoscale science and technology (crucial for SME fabrication methods).





 

National Science Foundation

Director, Office of Policy and Strategic Planning


Noncareer Appointment The Director of the Office of Policy and Strategic Planning oversees the development and implementation of policy throughout the department. Given the vast sweep of the Commerce Department's portfolio, its Policy Director can have substantial influence over a wide array of issues that affect science and technology, including: allocation of spectrum (NTIA), standards development (NIST), export control (BIS), and environmental policy (NOAA), among others.




NIST Director and Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is the federal hub for advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. The NIST Director provides high-level oversight and direction for NIST and will play a key role in setting standards related to AI, QIS and other emerging technologies of the coming years. The NIST Director should be someone with a broad background in science and technology, a history of working effectively with U.S. federal labs, and significant cross-sector and industry leadership experience.




NOAA Administrator and Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Administrator manages the day-to-day functions and the strategic and operational future of NOAA—the nation’s top science agency for climate, oceans, and the atmosphere. The Administrator is integral to executing a coherent federal climate-change policy. The Administrator oversees a $5.6B budget and monitors programmatic functions such as the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service, National Ocean Service, and the National Weather Service. The Administrator needs to have solid scientific rigor, team-building skills, and strategic sensibility to successfully run NOAA.




Deputy NOAA Administrator and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Deputy NOAA Administrator leads a variety of efforts aimed at advancing marine transportation, sustainable seafood, and ocean exploration and mapping. The Deputy Administrator leads NOAA’s support on Indo-Pacific Strategy, Arctic research, operations, and engagement, and the execution of science and technology strategies for AI, unmanned systems, genomics, cloud tech, and citizen science. The Deputy Administrator chairs or co-chairs a variety of interagency bodies including the Coordinating Board for the Committee on the Marine Transportation System and the US Coral Reef Task Force. The Deputy Administrator is a member of the National Science and Technology Council’s Select Committee on AI, the National Security Council’s Policy Coordination Committees on Pacific Island Countries, the Arctic, and Maritime Security, and the Executive Steering Group of the National Space Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing.




Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction, NOAA


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Environmental Observation and Prediction is responsible for guiding key investments that advance weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, unmanned systems research, and public-private partnerships for a blue economy. The Assistant Secretary is responsible for strategic oversight over spending related to weather modeling and prediction, space innovation, streamlining unmanned systems research for mission areas, and partnership potential for the nation's oceans.




Chief of Staff, NOAA


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff provides direct support to the NOAA Administrator. The Chief of Staff provides the complete range of management functions to the Administrator’s immediate staff of professionals and secretarial employees. They develop plans and oversee policies. major programs of joint effort. Lastly, they direct the functions, hiring, training, and disciplinary actions.




Chief Scientist, NOAA


Presidential Appointment The Chief Scientist is responsible for driving policy and programming for NOAA’s science and technology priorities. This includes a broad research and technology portfolio, ranging from fisheries and marine biology to climate change and satellite instrumentation. The Chief Scientist is also responsible for ensuring that policy decisions are aligned with scientific evidence.




Assistant Administrator, Ocean and Atmospheric Research (OAR), NOAA


Career Appointment The Assistant Administrator oversees OAR, the research and development arm of NOAA and the driving force behind environmental products aimed at protecting life and promoting sustainable economic growth. The Assistant Administrator is responsible for a variety of research enterprises, including a network of laboratories and programs like the Climate Program, Weather Research, and Ocean Exploration.




Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services, NIST


Career Appointment The Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services serves as NIST’s principal executive responsible for partnerships with industry, providing oversight for the key extramural and technology transfer programs of the institute, including the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program; the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership; the Office of Advanced Manufacturing, which coordinates the interagency Manufacturing USA program; and the Technology Partnerships Office, which includes NIST’s Small Business Innovation Research Program. The Associate Director is responsible for enhancing the successful transfer of new technologies from NIST’s research laboratories to commercial markets and for reporting on behalf of the Federal Government impacts from the nation’s more than $150 billion federal investment in research. Lastly, the Associate Director is responsible for coordinating technology transfer policy development and implementation through a network of U.S. federal interagency technology transfer bodies.




Associate Director for Laboratory Programs, NIST


Career Appointment Reporting directly to the NIST Director, the Associate Director for Laboratory Programs manages U.S. measurement infrastructure—all of NIST’s scientific and technology lab programs. They oversee national advanced spectrum and communications test networks (Comms Tech lab), cyber-physical systems like Smart Grid Program Office (Engineering Lab), cybersecurity framework (IT Lab), neutron research and nanoscale science and technology (crucial for SME fabrication methods).





Office of Management and Budget

Secretary of Labor


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Secretary of Labor oversees the enforcement and administration of more than 180 federal employment laws (OSHA, Mine Safety and Health Administration, WIOA) covering 150 million workers and 10 million workplaces. The Secretary serves as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and serves on the Board of Trustees of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Fund. The Secretary guides the Labor Department in executing White House initiatives in federal programming for workforce development and international trade agreements, among other labor issues. The Secretary will be a key player in coordinating COVID-19 response on rebuilding S&T workforce, expanding S&T employment opportunities for domestic workforce, introducing new federal programming on labor issues, and implementing international trade agreements.




Chief of Staff


Noncareer Appointment The Chief of Staff plans, directs, and coordinates operational activities and high-level labor strategy to aid the Secretary of Labor. The Chief of Staff heavily influences the strategy and policy guidance for DOL on S&T issues.




White House Liaison and Counselor to the Secretary


Schedule C Excepted Appointment The White House Liaison builds the relationship between the DOL and White House and develops and directs human resource functions and operations for appointees within DOL. The Liaison serves as a critical bridge between White House and DOL in developing an S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Policy


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Policy advises the Secretary of Labor, Deputy Secretary of Labor, and Department leadership on policy development, program evaluation, regulations, program implementation, data governance, compliance strategies, research, and legislation. The Assistant Secretary will guide DOL strategy on labor policy, including new initiatives on S&T workforce development and innovation policy.




Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs liaises with federal, state, and local policymakers to promote DOL’s programs and federal labor issues. They assist DOL agency staff in developing effective programs and strategies to meet Department legislative goals and objectives. The Assistant Secretary coordinates federal labor S&T issues with stakeholders from all three legislative levels of government federal, state, and local and serves as a key contact in developing S&T labor agenda that is executable by DOL.




Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training administers core programming under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), such as federal job training and worker dislocation programs, federal grants to states for public employment service programs, and unemployment insurance benefits. The Assistant Secretary serves as a key resource in upskilling the U.S domestic workforce for technical jobs.




Commissioner of Labor Statistics


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Commissioner of Labor Statistics disseminates U.S labor statistics to American public, U.S Congress, federal agencies, state and local governments, businesses, and labor representatives. The Commissioner coordinates with OMB on major data releases. The Commissioner plays a principal fact-finding role on U.S labor statistics, which can inform the administration's innovation policies.




Administrator, Office of Workforce Investment


Career Appointment The Administrator for the Office of Workforce Investment oversees and guides policy on workforce investment systems authorized under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). The Administrator collaborates with other federal agencies, partners, and stakeholders to build a prepared and competitive workforce. The Administrator manages investments strategically to ensure high performance, greater public accountability, and service quality. The Administrator is a critical partner in developing a robust, high-skilled workforce, particularly in STEM fields.





 

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Director, U.S. Geological Survey


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is the nation's largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. The Director oversees the collection, monitoring, and analysis of natural resource conditions, issues, and problems, and supervises scientists who develop new methods and tools to supply timely, relevant, and useful information about the Earth and its processes. The Director serves as one of the federal government’s leaders in basic research regarding our natural world. The Director is ideally someone that is well-versed in science and can effectively work with career scientists.




Chief Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey


Career Appointment The Chief Scientist is the top scientist at the U.S. Geological Survey, the largest research agency devoted to providing science about natural resources, natural hazards, the health of our ecosystems and environment, and the impacts of climate and land-use change, charged with collecting, monitoring, and analyzing natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The Chief Scientist works directly with, and reports directly to, the agency’s Director, helping to ensure that they have the scientific information they need to undertake these core functions. The Chief Scientist also serves as the USGS Executive Science Liaison within DOI and with other Federal agencies.




Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Secretary of the Interior is the top scientist in the Department, providing expert insights into all decisions requiring scientific expertise. The Science Advisor helps advise on all the Secretary’s key policy and management decisions, offering the best scientific information available across all the Department’s areas of oversight. The Science Advisor should have extensive and varied knowledge across scientific disciplines and be well versed in topics related to the Interior including the national parks and their inhabitants, land use, and the country’s natural resources.




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Noncareer Appointment The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency dedicated to fish and wildlife management and conservation. The Director, among their many functions, oversees the application of scientific information and research to the management and recovery of endangered species; the administration of National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; and the management of migratory birds. It is imperative that this position be filled by someone who understands and appreciates science, which is the cornerstone of good wildlife conservation and management. By statute, the Fish and Wildlife Service director must be knowledgeable in the principles of fisheries and wildlife management, through scientific education and experience [6 U.S.C. 742(b)].




Science Advisor to the Director, U.S. National Park Service


Noncareer Appointment The Science Advisor to the Director of the U.S. National Park Service is the scientist who provides scientific input to policy and operations for leadership in the National Park Service. The Science Advisor is a working scientist who reports to the Service’s Director, providing daily advice, leads special science initiatives and serving as an advisor on all research and policy related activities. The U.S. National Park Service is a resource management agency that uses science to protect the country’s 423 national parks and conserve the national parks’ natural and cultural resources.





 

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Under Secretary for Science and Technology


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Under Secretary manages the science and technology (S&T) mission capabilities at DHS including borders and maritime security, chemical and biological defense, critical infrastructure and resilience, cybersecurity, explosives, and expanding first responder capabilities. The Under Secretary oversees all science and technology research and development throughout the entire department. This position reports directly to the Secretary of DHS and engages with all DHS Components to ensure that technical advances are integrated into all its mission areas. The S&T Directorate provides support to all national First Responders, engagement with international partners involved in non-military homeland security, and coordination with U.S national intelligence agencies. The Under Secretary oversees all S&T for the entire Department and is responsible for support to acquisition of advanced technology to all non-military national security across the federal government. The Under Secretary is also responsible for ensuring local and state first responders have access to the latest scientific and technical advances. The Undersecretary serves as the Chief Technology Advisor to the Secretary of DHS, and routinely participates in the DHS advisory council consisting of the heads of all DHS Components. The Director of the Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency also reports to this role.




Director, Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency (HSARPA)


Noncareer Appointment This Director runs an organization generally consisting of four or five divisions, each led by senior executive service members and containing several scientific and technical senior experts (S&T positions) as well as program managers, staff, and contractor support personnel. This agency in the past has had a budget up to $1B, but it has been significantly reduced over the past decade. The divisions within the agencies are responsible for evaluation of scientific advances and direct contractual support to organizations developing technology in DHS priority areas such as chemical and biological defense, explosives/hazards detection, cybersecurity, and more. Selected by the Undersecretary for S&T and appointed by the Secretary of DHS, this position should be filled by a senior scientific or technical expert, with considerable experience running organizations composed of scientific/technical program managers, with a sizable R&D budget. This position requires a rare deep understanding of a broad range of scientific/technical areas, from chemistry and physics, to cyber systems and national defense. This position routinely testifies before Congress, engages with OMB, and coordinates with the intelligence community. The position also involves significant policy experience and routinely engages with OSTP, DOD, DOE, and FBI. A successful HSARPA Director must be both a leader and a good manager of high-level teams, responsible for hiring expert program managers, capable of understanding complex scientific and technical information across an exceptionally broad range of areas, and an effective manager of the federal budget process. The Director must lead a "team of teams'', encouraging and facilitating coordination and cooperation across diverse technical teams, and lead by encouragement of the best outcome rather than dictating specific tasks. It is likely that the best qualified candidate would be a Ph.D. scientist with extensive experience in running large organizations, managing a multi-million dollar budget, and routine, effective engagement with multiple outside entities, including similar international organizations.




Director, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)


Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation The Director oversees the strategic direction of 20,000 people in 10 regional offices dedicated to ensuring effective disaster management. They are responsible for effective responses to Presidential and state governor’s requests for assistance, providing on-the-ground recovery assistance and coordinating with the Small Business Administration.




Assistant Secretary and Chief Medical Officer


Noncareer Appointment The Assistant Secretary and Chief Medical Officer leads efforts to help communities nationwide prepare for a chemical or biological attack, and build their capacity to respond and recover. The responsibilities include anticipating the public health impact of biological attacks, chemical releases, pandemics and infectious disease threats, and disasters to prepare the nation to respond and rebound. They also play an important role in informing federal, state, and local decision making about high consequence biological threats with biosurveillance programs that provide early warnings for a rapid response to contain and limit the impact. The Chief Medical Officer plays a key role in combating the COVID-19 pandemic and preparing for future outbreaks. This role should be filled with a person with deep expertise in both medical and chemical and biological defense areas.




Chief Scientist


Noncareer Appointment The Chief Scientist acts as a department-wide asset in providing scientific advice in policy development and policy implementation. The Chief Scientist acts as the “Scientific Integrity Officer” across DHS. They are also DHS’s liaison to the Advisory Board, which reported to the Secretary on the impacts of emerging technology on homeland security. The Chief Scientist position is selected by the Undersecretary for Science and Technology and is confirmed by the Secretary of DHS. To be effective in the position, the Chief Scientist possesses both broad and deep scientific and technical experience, and can engage with high-level scientific and technical personnel within DHS and throughout the Federal Government. The Chief Scientist typically serves on National Science & Technology Council Committees and sub-committees, and routinely engages with scientific leadership from NSF, DOE, NIH, and DOD.