Disrupting Vulnerability Traps and Catalyzing Community Resilience

Author: Roshi Nateghi


Summary 

The United States needs to radically enhance its efforts to build community disaster resilience. The frequency and cost of billion-dollar weather and climate disasters have increased significantly over the past decade. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency’s estimates, the direct costs of disasters between 2018 and 2019 amounted to over $136 billion. And 2017 Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria resulted in over $265 billion in damage and displaced many communities. Moreover, accelerated urbanization and climate change continue to exacerbate communities’ vulnerability to climate disasters, rendering the current disaster mitigation, recovery, and emergency response policies untenable in the near future.


Resilience has served as an organizing principle for policymakers, first responders, and businesses in marshalling resources to reduce community vulnerability, stimulate recovery, and ensure reliable access to critical services (e.g., energy, water, shelter, food, health, ecosystems services and mobility) in the aftermath of climate disasters. However, the current set of reactive disaster recovery efforts and resilience policies have proven to be inefficient and costly, contributing to the widening of the `climate gap’ and entrenching vulnerability traps, particularly among marginalized and disadvantaged communities.


The Biden-Harris Administration should invest in information technology, data transparency and convergence research to build data-enabled predictive capabilities that anticipate shifts in communities’ demand for critical services under compound climate disasters, and inform effective resource allocation to equitably mitigate the impacts of climate change. These investments will not only enhance stewardship of taxpayer dollars, create jobs and bolster the economy, but will also shrink the rapidly widening climate gap and save lives.


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About the Authors

Roshi Nateghi is an Assistant Professor of Industrial Engineering and the director of the Laboratory for Advancing Sustainable Critical Infrastructure at Purdue University. She serves as a Councilor at the International Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) and an Area Editor for the journal of Risk Analysis. Formerly, she served as the Chair of Engineering and Infrastructure Specialty Group at SRA. Prior to joining Purdue University, she was a National Science Foundation Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability Fellow, jointly appointed between Resources for the Future and Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Nateghi holds an M.Eng in Mechanical Engineering from Imperial College London and an M.S.E and Ph.D. in Environmental Systems Engineering from Johns Hopkins University.