A Focus on Teacher Effectiveness, Shortages, and Cultural Proficiency

Author: Monique Chism


Addressing inequality, closing achievement gaps, and tackling opportunity gaps in schools requires a highly effective educator in every classroom, a diversified teacher workforce, and an implementation of culturally responsive policies and practices. The 2015 Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires State Education Agencies (SEA) to identify and close gaps in equitable access to effective teachers but does not offer specific definitions about what constitutes teacher effectiveness. There is an opportunity to build on state equity plans and collaboratively work with districts, schools, educator preparation programs, and other stakeholders to close the gap in access to effective educators, diversify the workforce, and ensure that the training of educators includes a focus on culturally proficient practices.

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About the Author

Monique M. Chism, Ph.D. is a Vice President for Policy, Practice, and Systems Change at the American Institutes for Research (AIR) in Washington D.C. With more than 24 years of experience in education, Dr. Chism is a renowned expert in educational equity, statewide systems of support, supporting effective teachers and leaders, creating safe and healthy schools, and turning around low-performing schools and districts. Prior to joining AIR, she served as Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education for the U.S. Department of Education.